The vote at Ford and the way forward for autoworkers
20 November 2015Voting by 53,000 workers employed at Ford Motor Company in the US concludes today. The count going into the final day indicates that the contract may be defeated, with 52 percent voting “no” so far and only one major facility—the Ford Rouge complex in Dearborn, Michigan—still to be counted. Over the past several days there has been a significant shift in momentum, with major plants in Kentucky and Chicago, Illinois rejecting the deal by a two-to-one margin.
The United Auto Workers has responded to these developments with a combination of panic and bullying. Remaining workers voting today will confront on their way to the ballot box a gauntlet of UAW officials, with the mid-level careerists and aspiring executives threatening workers that if they reject the contract they will lose their jobs. One worker called the line-up the “green mile,” a reference to death row. Many workers are justifiably worried that the UAW will resort to ballot stuffing and vote rigging to secure a “correct” outcome.
Whether or not the UAW succeeds in securing or manufacturing a “yes” vote, the developments at Ford have once again exposed the unbridgeable gulf between the UAW and the workers it claims to represent. The wellspring of opposition against the contract, in the face of shameless lies and intimidation, also reveals the deep discontent in the working class, with implications that extend far beyond Ford and the Big Three auto companies.
Wednesday’s hastily called press conference, organized by UAW Vice President Jimmy Settles and UAW Local 600 President Bernie Ricke, provides another object lesson for workers on the nature of this organization. There was, first of all, the blocking of WSWS Autoworker Newsletter reporters from attending the event and their forcible removal from the premises of a supposedly public press conference, topped off by the snatching of one of our reporters’ cell phones.
The UAW knows on what side its bread is buttered, and Settles watched on approvingly as the correspondents of corporate publications like the Detroit News, Detroit Free Press and other corporate-controlled media outlets were shepherded in while local officials manhandled the representatives of the one publication that has won a widespread following for telling the truth and giving voice to the anger and opposition of autoworkers.
At the press conference itself, analyzed in detail on the WSWS, Settles and Ricke alternatively lectured and hectored workers, counting on the assembled journalists to faithfully transmit their patronizing, pro-company arguments. In both tone and content, the remarks of the UAW officials were virtually indistinguishable from what corporate management would have said.
Settles and Ricke were obsessed with concerns that workers are not sufficiently “educated” about the “process” of negotiations. Young workers “haven’t been through this process before,” Ricke complained. “They don’t understand the process,” Settles remarked. “We try to do the best we possibly can to educate them to the process.” He added that “social media” was creating a “problem” for the UAW because workers were spreading “negative things” and what Settles insisted on calling “misnomers” propagated by “other folks”—i.e., the WSWS.
Elaborating on what he meant by the “process,” Settles said that “part of the education process” is to explain why no company could have “a real advantage over another company.” The problem is that “younger workers don’t understand if Ford pays more than everybody else they would be at a disadvantage with the rest of the companies.” Ricke concluded by warning workers just because “the company [is] making billions of dollars”—after slashing labor costs in half—workers should not expect a significant increase in their wages or benefits. “It is our job to educate them about the delicate balance.”
According to the UAW, the correct “process” is supposed to be: The company dictates the contract based on what it needs to expand its profits; the UAW signs off on these demands; and the membership, properly “educated” by the UAW, ratifies the agreement.
The problem for the UAW, the auto companies and the ruling class as a whole is that workers are refusing to go along with it. First there was the rejection of the contract at Fiat Chrysler, the first time in 32 years that workers shot down a national agreement backed by the UAW. The UAW responded by presenting the same contract slightly reworded for a second vote, pushing it through with a combination of threats and blackmail. Then there was the close vote at General Motors and the rejection of the contract by skilled trades workers. Local UAW-GM officials are meeting today to reach agreement on how they plan to ram the deal through in violation of the UAW’s own constitutional bylaws.
Now there is the mass opposition at Ford. Among the UAW executives there is concern that its failure to perform its assigned tasks will cause it to lose the favor of the corporations and the state. One headline published today by Forbes gave voice to the frustration of the ruling class: “A weakened and divided UAW struggles to get workers to march in step,” the pro-business publication complained. Determined to defend the lavish perks and positions that go along with its role as a corporate-labor syndicate, the UAW lashes out with fury at workers who are not toeing the line.
For the working class, basic questions of perspective are posed. By refusing to “march in step,” autoworkers are giving expression not only to the anger among the autoworkers themselves and opposition to the UAW-corporate contracts, but to a deep and widespread sentiment for a fight in the working class as a whole.
Younger workers—the particular target of Settles and Ricke—face a future of poverty-level wages, indebtedness and permanent economic insecurity. Older workers have endured more than a decade of stagnant wages and are seeing the prospect of a decent retirement and adequate health care ripped away. Internationally, the same conditions prevail. Today, Volkswagen is expected to announce plans for massive layoffs and factory closings in the wake of the company’s criminal actions in the emissions scandal. Everywhere, workers are being told that their basic rights are unaffordable.
The assault on the working class has the full backing of the government, the bought-and-controlled instrument of class rule. During the so-called “recovery” of the Obama administration, 95 percent of all income gains have gone to the top one percent, and the candidate of “change” has funneled trillions into the stock markets and overseen the restructuring of class relations, including through the 2009 bankruptcy of GM and Chrysler. While it has yet to intervene directly in the auto contract battle, the Obama administration will quickly step in if the opposition of workers escapes the control of its agents in the UAW.
The working class is beginning to fight back, and workers must prepare for a period of immense struggle. Autoworkers at Ford should vote “no” on the contract, but those organizations that claim such a vote will force the UAW back to the negotiating table to win a better contract are perpetuating a conscious fraud. By its own words and actions, the UAW has proven it will do nothing of the sort. There is not an ounce of democracy in this organization, or in the so-called unions as a whole.
Based on an understanding of the anti-working class character of these organizations, the WSWS and the Autoworker Newsletter have called for the formation of independent rank-and-file factory committees to coordinate action and organize opposition. Meetings of all workers should be organized to discuss the way forward outside of the prying eyes of the company spies in the UAW. An appeal should be made to autoworkers throughout the US, and in Mexico, Europe, Asia and around the world, for the opening of a common struggle against the global companies. The struggle of autoworkers must be linked up to the fight of steelworkers, teachers, telecom workers and other sections of the working class facing the same attack.
The organization of opposition in the factories must be combined with the building of a political movement of the international working class in opposition to the capitalist profit system. The rotten treachery of the UAW is rooted above all in its absolute defense of capitalism, an economic system based on the exploitation of the working class for the profit of the banks and corporations. As the struggle of the working class develops, in the United States and internationally, it must and will take on an increasingly overt political form against the dictatorship of the corporate and financial elite.
With contract facing defeat UAW bullies Michigan Ford workers to ratify deal
By Shannon Jones
With the vote on the UAW-Ford national agreement going into its final hours, the contract could be headed for defeat, with only members of United Auto Workers Local 600 in Dearborn, Michigan left to weigh in.
20 November 2015
An unofficial tally showed 52 percent of those voting so far have rejected the contract. According to the most recent reports, workers at the Ford Flat Rock Assembly Plant south of Detroit voted narrowly in favor of the contract, with a bare 50.7 percent voting “yes,” the contract passing by some 37 votes. In a split vote at the Sharonville, Ohio transmission plant, production workers ratified the agreement by a 52 percent margin while skilled trades workers voted 51 percent “no.”
These results follow the massive rejection of the contract at three major plants including the Chicago Assembly Plant, which voted against the contract by a 2-1 margin. Workers at two large facilities in Louisville, Kentucky also voted “no” by a wide majority. At the Louisville Assembly Plant 68.5 percent of production workers and 62.2 percent of skilled trades workers voted down the contract. At the Kentucky Truck Plant 65.1 percent of production workers and 64.6 percent of skilled trades workers voted to reject.
According to a report in Automotive News, even if every worker in Local 600 voted, the contract would have to pass the local by a 60 percent margin to assure its ratification nationally. So far only four of the 20 UAW locals voting have passed the contract by that margin.
Local 600 covers about 8,500 workers at Dearborn Truck Plant, Dearborn Stamping, an engine plant and other smaller facilities.
The pact has encountered strong opposition from workers opposed to the two-tier wage system and the fact that the contract stipulates an eight-year grow-in period for tier two workers to reach top scale. The agreement offers a tiny three percent first year wage increase to tier one workers—who have been without a raise for a decade or more—and doesn’t restore past concessions such as cost of living increases.
The UAW is mounting a last minute strong-arm campaign to obtain ratification. This has involved threats and intimidation, including against WSWS Autoworker Newsletter reporters (see video report). At a press conference at the Local 600 Union hall Wednesday, UAW Vice President for Ford Jimmy Settles suggested workers might lose their jobs if they voted down the contract or face a long, costly and fruitless strike.
An open letter to Ford workers by a veteran worker at the Dearborn Truck Plant exposed some of the tactics employed by the UAW against those questioning the contract. He reported on an exchange with Local 600 officials at a recent contract information meeting. At the meeting he asked why workers should believe that the contract language being voted on would not be subsequently changed, since the UAW had repeatedly reopened past contracts in order to impose further concessions.
At one point the plant chairman, Nick Kottails, told him to stop talking and have a seat. He wrote, “I wouldn’t sit down until I got a clear understanding of the untruth being told. While I was speaking, the mic was then shut off. The disrespect given only showed me that they didn’t want people hearing the truth. I just wanted people to be aware that there’s a chance the company may come back after ratification and force us to vote again.”
Another Ford worker denounced the bullying tactics Local 600 officials used as workers were about to cast their ballots at the union hall. He posted on Facebook: “Walking out of the green mile today (as y’all was pushing for yes votes) there was a lady walking in front of me holding a VOTE NO sign. Summerfield, I believe the health and safety committee, not sure what position he holds, says, ‘I hope you take that sign home and tell your family what you’ve done…and how there won’t be a Christmas!’
“What kind of crap is that? Everyone in that local should be ashamed of themselves! You work for us! You should respect our right to vote how we want!”
Another worker writing on Facebook noted how the UAW had issued given its marching orders to Local 600 officials on the national bargaining committee. “So I learned that any of the UAW reps that didn’t agree with the contract got strong armed today at Dearborn. Our so-called chairman and president at Dearborn Local 600 lambasted all of the reps and told them if they didn’t support the contract with them—and they had to sign a paper with all the UAW supporters—they would be blackballed and they would basically be out of a rep job and never be a rep again. WTF is going on with the union? They are supposed to be representing us, not the company. I would like to know how much they get paid to shove this contract down our throat to get it passed. These cronies in Local 600 need to be voted out ASAP!”
Meanwhile, some Ford workers were questioning the accuracy of the vote count. One worker writing into the Autoworker Newsletter reported that at the Sterling Axle Plant north of Detroit many were disputing the tally. According to official reports 60 percent voted against the deal, but workers expected a much larger rejection margin since the plant is targeted in the contract for a new, substandard wage progression for second tier workers. Earlier this month a group of angry Sterling Axle workers picketed the union hall to protest the contract. “They need a recount,” the worker wrote, “Everybody they know voted ‘no.’ They could not find anybody that voted ‘yes.’”
A worker from the Sterling Axle plant told the Newsletter, “We gave up so much in ‘07 and ‘09 and they promised us that when the company started making money we would get it back. The company is making more money than ever and we got nothing.
“I do not want them to even touch my medical benefits. It is frustrating for a lot of people. It really is. If what they are offering now passes, I honestly believe that they are looking elsewhere.
“I didn't really expect to get everything back. But something. They just keep taking and taking. This is actually worse because we just keep going backwards.
“The people in the plant are getting pretty fed up with it all. We are being lied to and manipulated. I understand that it is coming down to Local 600.
“I've been working at Ford for 20 years, believing in the union. They wouldn't do that to us. But once you guys started explaining what is really going on, and we can put two and two together. I believe a lot of people are seeing things differently, and the union is scared.
“How are they going to answer? They have been called out on what they are really doing.”
An autoworker writing in to the WSWS criticized the contract for its treatment of second tier workers by removing the 20 percent cap in the previous agreement on the number of tier two workers permitted at Ford. “There was a ratio in place to move the lower tier up to top tier when they moved into the upper 80th percentile. That was (the) contract. Now under (the) new contract, the cap is gone and they have to wait a total of 8 years.
“So why would anyone believe that the proposed contract (8 year progression), would be followed when it expires. They believe that we are idiots. I was told like everyone else that there is only so much money available, and that if we reject the contract, that money will just be repositioned, but nothing added. They must think we are blind sheep with no minds of our own. VOTE NO. Then let's see what the counteroffer is.”