THE DEMOCRAT PARTY'S WAR ON THE AMERICAN WORKER: ..."Because of the successful cheap-labor strategy, wages for men have
remained flat since 1973, and a large percentage of the nation’s annual
income has shifted to investors and away from employees."
Friday, January 15, 2016
THE INVASION OVER AMERICA'S OPEN BORDERS CONTINUES! - Be Prepared. Know the Facts.
Immigration Reading, 1/14/16
Support the Center for Immigration Studies by donating on line here: http://cis.org/donate GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS 1. Senate committee report on the high level of visa issuances 2. Senate testimony on the visa waiver program 3. DHS OIG report on needed ICE and USCIS improvements to combat human trafficking 4.Canada: Report on labour market participation of immigrant and Canadian-born wives 5.U.K.: Inspector's report on tackling illegal employment
REPORTS, ARTICLES, ETC. 6. New reports from FAIR on the visa waiver program and Congress 2015 votes on immigration 7. New policy paper from the Institute for the Study of Labor 8. Four new reports and features from the Migration Policy Institute 9. New working paper from the National Bureau of Economic Research 10. Four new papers from the Social Science Research Network 11. New report from the International Organization for Migration 12. Two new reports from the World Bank 13. Two new reports from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development 14. Three new working papers from the Oxford Refugee Studies Centre
BOOKS 15. The Economics of Immigration: Market-Based Approaches, Social Science, and Public Policy 16. City of Thorns: Nine Lives in the World's Largest Refugee Camp 17. Parents Without Papers: The Progress and Pitfalls of Mexican American Integration 18. Precarious Lives: Forced Labour, Exploitation and Asylum 19. Fortress Europe: Dispatches from a Gated Continent
JOURNALS 20. Comparative Migration Studies 21. CSEM Newsletter 22. Ethnic and Racial Studies 23. Georgetown Immigration Law Journal 24. International Migration 25. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 26. Latino Studies 27. Population, Space and Place 28. REMHU 29. Rural Migration News
Deputy Assistant Secretary, Screening Coordination Office, Office of Policy
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Deputy Assistant Commissioner, Office of Field Operations
U.S. Customs and Border Protection, U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Principal Deputy Coordinator for Counterterrorism, Bureau of Counterterrorism
U.S. Department of State
Senior Director, Steptoe & Johnson LLP
and Former Director of the Visa Waiver Program at the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (2007-2010)
[witness testimony may be accessed at link above]
Summary: Fewer people than before would find it
uncomfortable if their son or daughter wanted to marry an immigrant.
While 25 and 23 per cent had objections to this in 2013 and 2014
respectively, only 17 per cent expressed similar reluctance in 2015. In
2002, the figure was 40 per cent.
2.Human Rights and the
Area of Freedom, Security and Justice: Immigration, Criminal Justice and
Judicial Cooperation in Civil Matters
By Dorota Leczykiewicz, University of Oxford
The European Union as an Area of Freedom, Security and Justice
Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1/2016 http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2712421
3.Migrants, Ancestors, and Investments
By Konrad Burchardi, London School of Economics & Political Science
(LSE); Thomas Chaney, Toulouse School of Economics; and Tarek A. Hassan
University of Chicago Booth School of Business
Posted December 2015 http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2711012
Book Description: The Economics of Immigration
summarizes the best social science studying the actual impact of
immigration, which is found to be at odds with popular fears. Greater
flows of immigration have the potential to substantially increase world
income and reduce extreme poverty. Existing evidence indicates that
immigration slightly enhances the wealth of natives born in destination
countries while doing little to harm the job prospects or reduce the
wages of most of the native-born population. Similarly, although a
matter of debate, most credible scholarly estimates of the net fiscal
impact of current migration find only small positive or negative
impacts. Importantly, current generations of immigrants do not appear to
be assimilating more slowly than prior waves.
Although the range of debate on the consequences of immigration is much
narrower in scholarly circles than in the general public, that does not
mean that all social scientists agree on what a desirable immigration
policy embodies. The second half of this book contains three chapters,
each by a social scientist who is knowledgeable of the scholarship
summarized in the first half of the book, which argue for very different
policy immigration policies. One proposes to significantly cut current
levels of immigration. Another suggests an auction market for
immigration permits. The third proposes open borders. The final chapter
surveys the policy opinions of other immigration experts and explores
the factors that lead reasonable social scientists to disagree on
matters of immigration policy.
To the charity workers, Dadaab refugee camp is a humanitarian crisis;
to the Kenyan government, it is a 'nursery for terrorists'; to the
western media, it is a dangerous no-go area; but to its half a million
residents, it is their last resort.
Situated hundreds of miles from any other settlement, deep within the
inhospitable desert of northern Kenya where only thorn bushes grow,
Dadaab is a city like no other. Its buildings are made from mud, sticks
or plastic, its entire economy is grey, and its citizens survive on
rations and luck. Over the course of four years, Ben Rawlence became a
first-hand witness to a strange and desperate limbo-land, getting to
know many of those who have come there seeking sanctuary. Among them are
Guled, a former child soldier who lives for football; Nisho, who
scrapes an existence by pushing a wheelbarrow and dreaming of riches;
Tawane, the indomitable youth leader; and schoolgirl Kheyro, whose
future hangs upon her education.
In City of Thorns, Rawlence interweaves the stories of nine
individuals to show what life is like in the camp and to sketch the
wider political forces that keep the refugees trapped there. Rawlence
combines intimate storytelling with broad socio-political investigative
journalism, doing for Dadaab what Katherinee Boo's Behind the Beautiful Forevers did for the Mumbai slums. Lucid, vivid and illuminating, City of Thorns is an urgent human story with deep international repercussions, brought to life through the people who call Dadaab home.
For several decades, Mexican immigrants in the United States have
outnumbered those from any other country. Though the economy
increasingly needs their labor, many remain unauthorized. In Parents Without Papers,
immigration scholars Frank D. Bean, Susan K. Brown, and James D.
Bachmeier document the extent to which the outsider status of these
newcomers inflicts multiple hardships on their children and
Parents Without Papers provides both a general
conceptualization of immigrant integration and an in-depth examination
of the Mexican American case. The authors draw upon unique retrospective
data to shed light on three generations of integration. They show in
particular that the “membership exclusion” experienced by unauthorized
Mexican immigrants—that is, their fear of deportation, lack of civil
rights, and poor access to good jobs—hinders the education of their
children, even those who are U.S.-born. Moreover, they find that
children are hampered not by the unauthorized entry of parents itself
but rather by the long-term inability of parents, especially mothers, to
acquire green cards.
When unauthorized parents attain legal status, the disadvantages of the
second generation begin to disappear. These second-generation men and
women achieve schooling on par with those whose parents come legally. By
the third generation, socioeconomic levels for women equal or surpass
those of native white women. But men reach parity only through greater
labor-force participation and longer working hours, results consistent
with the idea that their integration is delayed by working-class
imperatives to support their families rather than attend college.
An innovative analysis of the transmission of advantage and disadvantage among Mexican Americans, Parents Without Papers
presents a powerful case for immigration policy reforms that provide
not only realistic levels of legal less-skilled migration but also
attainable pathways to legalization. Such measures, combined with
affordable access to college, are more important than ever for the
integration of vulnerable Mexican immigrants and their descendants.
This ground breaking book presents the first evidence of forced labour
among displaced migrants who seek refuge in the UK. Through a critical
engagement with contemporary debates about precarity, unfreedom and
socio-legal status, the book explores how asylum and forced labour are
linked, and enmeshed in a broader picture of modern slavery produced
through globalised working conditions. Drawing on original evidence
generated in fieldwork with refugees and asylum seekers, this is
important reading for students and academics in social policy, social
geography, sociology, politics, refugee, labour and migration studies,
and policy makers and practitioners working to support migrants and
tackle forced labour.
On the militarized Turkish-Greek border, Afghan migrants brave
minefields to cross into Europe—only to be summarily ejected by Greek
border guards. At Ceuta and Melilla, Spanish enclaves in North Africa,
migrants are turned back with razor wire and live ammunition. Deportees
from the U.K. and France have died of "positional asphyxia" on
deportation flights, strapped to chairs, their mouths sealed with tape.
In a brilliant and shocking account, Fortress Europe tells the story of
how the world’s most affluent region—and history’s greatest experiment
with globalization—has become an immigration war zone, where tens of
thousands have died in a human rights crisis that has gone largely
unnoticed by the U.S. media.
Journalist Matthew Carr brings to life these remarkable human dramas,
based on extensive interviews and firsthand reporting from the hot zones
of Europe’s immigration battles. Speaking with key European policy
makers, police, soldiers on the front lines, immigrant rights activists,
and an astonishing range of migrants themselves, Carr offers a lucid
account both of the broad issues at stake in the crisis and its
exorbitant human costs.
Catholic Church Mothering Weary Filipino Mothers in Beirut
. . .
Approximately 25% of people in the Philippines live below the poverty
line, compelling some 10 million Filipinos to find jobs abroad. In 2014,
these overseas workers sent approximately $24 billion back home in
remittances, which represented 8.5% of the country’s gross domestic
product, according to the central bank.
A hotel employee typically makes $350 per month, while a domestic worker
makes $300. A full $100 goes each month to the employment agency that
arranged the contract. Most migrant domestic workers have two-year,
In Lebanon, domestic workers are often paid based on nationality:
Filipino women are paid more than women coming from Sri Lanka, Ethiopia
or Bangladesh, who are now recruited in greater numbers.
It seems odd that a country full of refugees is importing household
staff, but a Caritas Lebanon staff member explained that the employment
agencies perpetuate the lucrative business and that Lebanese law forbids
refugees from working. However, they work in the underground economy,
which includes agriculture and construction.
“Migrant workers have come such a distance to work here; they become
totally dependent on their employers, which makes them reliable, but
also vulnerable,” said the Caritas case worker who has helped Filipino
workers with abusive employers but preferred not to be named.
South Africa: Home Affairs Committee Calls for Intensified Enforcement of Immigration Laws
The Portfolio Committee on Home Affairs notes the non-compliance with
the immigration regulations requirements experienced during the recent
Operation Fiela in the Free State and in Limpopo at Boabab Tollgate. It
is reported that children were travelling without required documentation
in Free State while some 279 immigrants were intercepted in Limpopo
without necessary documentation.
These operations are fully supported by the Portfolio Committee and must
be intensified. It is expected that more illegal immigrants and
fugitives will attempt to enter the Republic of South Africa during this
rush period and human trafficking may occur due to the high numbers of
people to be processed. "We like to urge our law enforcement officials
to be on the alert at all our land, sea and air ports of entry for these
crimes all the time. We also like to call upon law enforcement
operations on our roads, streets and any public spaces to be alive to
these crimes and assist to curb them," said Mr Lemias Mashile,
Chairperson of the Committee.
President's Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
. . .
PITF agencies are leveraging resources more effectively and developing
robust whole-of-agency responses to combat trafficking. The diverse
achievements range from advancing the first-ever Partnership for Freedom
competition – a public-private partnership announced by President Obama
to spur innovative solutions to problems caused by modern slavery – to
gathering data on the sectors at greatest risk of trafficking-related
activities in federal contracts and global supply chains. We were also
proud to announce last month the formation of the new U.S. Advisory
Council on Human Trafficking, through which survivors will provide input
and expertise to federal agencies on U.S. anti-trafficking policy.
On November 20, 2014, President Obama issued an executive order creating
the Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent
Residents (DAPA) program and expanding the Deferred Action for Childhood
Arrivals (DACA) program to give up to five million unauthorized
foreigners in the US temporary legal status.
. . . https://migration.ucdavis.edu/rmn/more.php?id=1943
DHS: Border, Visas
The number of unauthorized foreigners apprehended just inside the
Mexico-US border was 337,117 in FY15, including 188,000 Mexicans, 57,000
Guatemalans, 44,000 Salvadorans, and 34,000 Hondurans. Almost
two-thirds of these apprehensions were in Texas.
The US formally removed or deported 235,400 foreigners in FY15, down
from 316,000 in FY14. Of those formally removed, almost 70,000 were from
the interior of the US and 165,000 were recent border crossers,
including some apprehended by the Border Patrol but turned over to US
Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) for removal. ICE priorities
for removals are "recent border entrants, convicted felons and
. . . https://migration.ucdavis.edu/rmn/more.php?id=1944
The number of US farm jobs certified to be filled with H-2A guest
workers almost doubled between FY11 and FT15, from 77,000 to 140,000.
The number of employers (including coops and custom harvesters that
request certification to employ H-2A workers on multiple farms) was
stable at about 7,500, suggesting that current H-2A users are requesting
. . . https://migration.ucdavis.edu/rmn/more.php?id=1945
Since 1966 the Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program (SAWP) has allowed
Canadian farms unable to recruit workers locally to recruit workers in
the Caribbean and in Mexico (since 1974) to fill seasonal farm jobs
under the terms of MOUs and employer-worker contracts. In 2015, about
21,000 Mexicans and 10,000 Caribbean workers were admitted to Canada,
including 18,000 who worked in Ontario. The SAWP program was extended to
British Columbia in 2004, where 3,000 SAWP workers, mostly from Mexico,
were employed in 2015.
. . . https://migration.ucdavis.edu/rmn/more.php?id=1946
EU. The EU in 2015 struggled to deal with a wave of migrants from Syria
and Afghanistan, other Middle Eastern countries, Africa and the Balkans.
Almost 1.2 million foreigners arrived in EU countries in 2015, double
the 626,000 of 2014 and triple the 431,000 of 2013. IOM reported that a
million migrants entered Europe in 2015, including 82 percent via Greece
and 15 percent via Italy. Almost half were Syrians.
. . . https://migration.ucdavis.edu/rmn/more.php?id=1947
Center for Immigration Studies is an independent, non-partisan,
non-profit research organization founded in 1985. It is the nation's
only think tank devoted exclusively to research and policy analysis of
the economic, social, demographic, fiscal, and other impacts of
immigration on the United States.
Center for Immigration Studies
1629 K St. NW, Suite 600
Washington, DC 20006
phone: (202) 466-8185
fax: (202) 466-8076