HOW MANY INNOCENT PEOPLE WILL BE MURDERED BY BLACKS TODAY?..........THE LOOTING ACROSS AMERICA is as black as the staggering murder and crime rates of BLACKS ACROSS AMERICA. Black Lives Matter? NO LIFE MATTERS TO BLACKS!
Tuesday, October 31, 2017
THE AMERICAN HOUSING CRISIS AND MEXICO'S OCCUPATION IN U.S. OPEN BORDERS
Washington, D.C. (October 31, 2017) - The Center for Immigration Studies has released the first in a series of short videos entitled "Immigration Briefs" designed to inform the viewer on current immigration policies and topics. In this video, Dr. Steven Camarota discusses the record setting size of the foreign-born population. He also discusses the size of the yearly flow of immigrants into the United States as wellas immigrant demographics.
"I think any discussion of where we go from here has to begin by an understanding of just how big the numbers really are", Camarota states in the video.
Input caption text here. Use the block's Settings tab to change the caption position and set other styles.
MEXICO CONQUERED AMERICAN BY BREEDING BABIES FOR
WELFARE…. LA RAZA DOUBLED U.S. POPULATION AND VOTED TO SURRENDER AMERICAN
BORDERS FOR EASY PLUNDERING BY NARCOMEX.
“Through love of having children we're going to
Augustin Cebada, Information Minister of Brown Berets,
militant para-military soldiers of Aztlan shouting at U.S.
citizens at an Independence Day rally in Los Angeles, 7/4/96
of the Dream Act is far bigger than the Democrats or their media allies admit.
Instead of covering 690,000 younger illegals now enrolled in former President
Barack Obama’s 2012 “DACA” amnesty, the Dream Act would legalize at least 3.3 million
according to a pro-immigration group, the Migration Policy Institute.”
WILL DOUBLE U.S. POPULATION
OF THE LA RAZA OCCUPATION:
The LA RAZA ANCHOR BABY BREEDERS FOR
MEXICO WILL DOUBLE AMERICA’S POPULATION
IMMIGRANT SHARE OF ADULTS QUADRUPLED IN
"La Voz de Aztlan
has produced a video in honor of the millions of babies that have been born as
US citizens to Mexican undocumented parents. These babies are destined to
transform America. The nativist CNN reporter Lou Dobbs estimates that there are
over 200,000 (dated) "Anchor Babies" born every year
whereas George Putnam, a radio reporter, says the figure is closer to 300,000 (dated).La Voz de Aztlan believes that the number is aproximately 500,000 (dated)"Anchor
Babies" born every year."
County Map: Growth of Adult Immigrant Population, 1990 to 2014
Immigrant share of adults quadrupled in 232 counties
A new series of maps by the Center for Immigration Studies based on Census Bureau data provides detailed information on the nation's immigrant population (legal and illegal) at the county level in 1990, 2000, and 2014. The analysis focuses on adults because they have the most immediate impact. Adults directly affect the job market as workers, impact politics as constituents and potential voters, and begin to reshape the culture in receiving communities as soon as they arrive. Census Bureau data, which includes legal and illegal immigrants, shows that growth in the adult immigrant population in some counties has been nothing short of astonishing, while other areas have seen little growth. The findings make clear that Washington may set immigration policy, but it is local communities that feel the impact. Among the findings:
In 1990, immigrants were at least 20 percent of the adult population (18-plus) in just 44 counties; by 2014 they were at least 20 percent of the adult population in 152 counties.
In 1990, only one out of eight Americans lived in a county in which at least 20 percent of adults were immigrants; by 2014, nearly one in three Americans lived in such counties.
Since 1990, the immigrant share of adults has more than quadrupled in 232 counties.1
Examples where the immigrant share of adults more than quadrupled from 1990 to 2014 include:
In Georgia: Stewart County, <1 percent to 23 percent; Echols County, 2 percent to 21 percent; and Gwinnett County, 6 percent to 32 percent.
In North Carolina: Mecklenburg County, 4 percent to 17 percent; Durham County, 4 percent to 16 percent; and Duplin County, 2 percent to 15 percent.
In Kansas: Scott County, 2 to 15 percent; and Hamilton County, 3 percent to 21 percent.
In Nebraska: Colfax County, 3 percent to 30 percent; Dawson County, <1 percent to 24 percent; and Dakota County, 6 percent to 28 percent.
In Minnesota: Nobles County, 2 percent to 24 percent; and Watonwan County, 3 percent to 13 percent.
In Oklahoma: Texas County, 2 percent to 28 percent; and Harper County, 2 percent to 14 percent.
In Virginia: Manassas Park City, 7 percent to 40 percent; and Loudoun County, 7 to 30 percent.
In Texas: Garza County, 5 percent to 48 percent; and Dallam County, 3 percent to 17 percent.
Other examples include: Buena Vista County, Iowa, 3 percent to 22 percent; and Jerome County Idaho, 4 percent to 22 percent.
While the immigrant share of adults has often increased the most in counties with smaller populations, growth since 1990 has also been dramatic in many large counties with over a million residents:
Dallas County, Texas: 13 percent to 29 percent;
King County, Wash.: 11 percent to 25 percent;
Clark County, Nev.: 11 percent to 27 percent;
Alameda County, Calif.: 21 percent to 38 percent;
Sacramento County, Calif.: 12 percent to 25 percent;
Fairfax County, Va.: 18 percent to 37 percent; and
The data for this analysis comes from the 1990 and 2000 Census and the 2010 to 2014 five-year file of the American Community Survey (ACS). We refer to the five-year data as 2014 data, though technically it reflects the population 2010 to 2014. In almost all cases the data comes from American FactFinder on the Census Bureau website.2 We have four different maps. The first three maps show the immigrant share of the adult population in 1990, 2000, and 2014 differentiated into five categories.3 The fourth map shows the growth in the immigrant share of the adult population from 1990 to 2014 with seven categories. The percentage increase in the adult population is calculated in a straightforward manor. For example, if 10 percent of adults in a county were immigrants in 1990 and it increased to 15 percent by 2014, then the adult share of the population grew 50 percent.4 It is also important to note that in the growth map all counties in which immigrants are less than 5 percent of adults are included in the bottom category no matter how much the percentage increased. So, for example, a county that grew from 1 percent to 4 percent immigrant technically increased 300 percent, and we do not report those numbers. But it would be included in the bottom category in our growth map.5
In 2014 there were 3,142 "county equivalents" as they are referred to by the Census Bureau and other government agencies. (In 2013, there were still 3,143 counties because Bedford City Virginia ended its independence in that year and some publications still report the higher figure.) County equivalents include parishes in Louisiana, independent cities (primarily in Virginia), the District of Columbia, and a few other administrative areas that are considered equivalent to counties by the U.S. government. Our analysis only has data for 3,140 counties in 2014, not 3,142, because the Hoonah-Angoon Census Area and Skagway Municipality were combined in 2000, but were separated in 2014. We recombine them in the map for 2014 so we can make comparisons (Map 4).6 Our number is reduced by one additional county because we combine Wrangell City & Borough and Petersburg Borough in Alaska, which were one county equivalent in 1990 and 2000. By combining them we can make comparisons with 1990.
We do not have data for 1990 for a few counties. In these cases we compare growth 2000 to 2014 on our growth map. This is the case for Skagway Municipality & Hoonah-Angoon Census Area, Alaska; Denali Borough, Alaska; and Yakutat City and Borough, Alaska.
Generally, counties do not change their borders, but from 1990 to 2014 there were some changes and our analysis tries to deal with them by creating as much continuity as possible to allow for comparisons. Broomfield County, Colo., did not exist in 1990 or 2000 because it did not become a county until 2001. In 1990 and 2000 it is part of other counties; in 2014, 9.2 percent of its population was immigrant and is shown accordingly on the 2014 map. In 1990 and 2000, Bedford City and Clifton Forge City were independent cities in Virginia and the Census Bureau reported information for them separately. By 2014, these independent cities had merged with their surrounding counties — Bedford with Bedford County and Clifton Forge with Allegheny County. However, in all three time-periods we report these cities with their counties to create continuity in the data and allow for a comparison 1990 to 2014.
1 As explained in our methods statement, figures exclude counties in which immigrants were less than 5 percent of the adult population in 2014. So, for example, an increase from 1 percent to 4 percent is a quadrupling, but because the population is still under 5 percent in 2014 it is not including in our count of counties that increased four-fold.
2 We were not able to obtain data for 1990 from FactFinder. The immigrant population data comes from tables made on the Data Ferret website from the 1990 Summary File 3. We were not able to obtain information by country for each county in 1990. We were able to use the public-use file of the 1990 Census to generate the top three sending countries for 402 counties in 1990.
3 The first category is under 5 percent, with rounding to the hundredths place. So, for example, all counties where adult immigrants are 4.94 percent of the population or less are in the bottom category; those counties that are 4.95 percent to 9.94 percent are in the second category; those that are 9.95 to 14.94 percent are in the third category; and so on. The last category is those counties in which the immigrant population is 19.95 percent or more.
4 As in the other maps, values are rounded based on the hundredths place. So, for example, 49.4 percent growth is rounded down to 49 percent, while 49.5 percent growth is rounded up to 50 percent.
5 There were 18 counties in 1990 with zero immigrants, so it is not possible to calculate growth in those counties from 1990 to 2014. But in all but one of these cases, immigrants are still less than 5 percent of the adult population in 2014 and so they are in the bottom category in our growth map. The one exception is Daggett County, Utah. Although zero in 1990, the immigrant population was relatively large by 2014. We include this county in our growth map by measuring growth in the immigrant adult share of the population from 3.5 percent in 2000 to 8.1 percent in 2014.
So when cities across the country declare that they will NOT be
sanctuary, guess where ALL the illegals, criminals, gang members fleeing ICE
will go???? straight to your welcoming city. So ironically the people fighting
for sanctuary city status, may have an unprecedented crime wave to deal with
along with the additional expense.
$17 Billion dollars a year is spent for education for the American-born
children of illegal aliens, known as anchor babies.
$12 Billion dollars a year is spent on primary and secondary
school education for children here illegally and they cannot speak a word
$22 billion is spent on (AFDC) welfare to illegal aliens each
$2.2 Billion dollars a year is spent on food assistance programs
such as (SNAP) food stamps, WIC, and free school lunches for illegal
$3 Million Dollars a DAY is spent to incarcerate illegal aliens.
30% percent of all Federal Prison inmates are illegal aliens. Does
not include local jails and State Prisons.
2012 illegal aliens sent home $62 BILLION in remittances back to
their countries of origin. This is why Mexico is getting involved in
$200 Billion Dollars a year in suppressed American wages are
caused by the illegal aliens.
Nearly One Million Sex Crimes Committed by Illegal Immigrants In
The United States.
POPULATION EXPLOSION FOR GRINGO WELFARE
THE HORDES OF ILLEGALS KEEP COMING…. Despite America’s
jobs, housing and Mexican crime tidal wave.
House Speaker Paul Ryan says he wants to “fix” the DACA amnesty
problem, but pro-American reformers want him to reach higher and update
immigration policy to help Americans.
“We are having lots of discussions about how to do it, and the
timing is just something that is open to debate,” he told Reuters in a video
interview released Thursday. In response to a vague question about the
DACA amnesty and the much bigger Dream Act, Ryan continued:
I want to do it. Yes. The goal is we want to fix this, and we’re
working on it, and we want to make sure we do it in such a way that we don’t
have the same problem down the road. That means border security and interior
enforcement so that we don’t have another DACA problem you know, five, ten
years down the road.
But the 690,000 DACA illegals or the 3 million “Dream Act”
beneficiaries are only one portion of the nation’s high-immigration,
low-productivity economic policy, say pro-American immigration reformers.
Instead of just focusing on the ‘dreamers,’ Republicans —
including Ryan — should use the favorable political climate to push for a
strategic shift in immigration policy that would help Americans, improve the
economy, transfer urban investment into rural districts and grow the Republican
Party, say pro-American immigration reformers.
“Getting reasonable [numerical] limits on immigration and ensuring
that the people we do admit are net contributors to the country ought to
be the primary job not just for Republicans but for anyone making public
policy,” said Ira Mehlman, a spokesman for the Federation for American
Immigration Reform. GOP leaders “have a great opportunity and they seem
anxious to blow it,” he added.
“This is the best correlation of forces that the immigration
hawks have ever had, so it is absolutely time to take the
initiative,” said Mark Krikorian, director of the Center for Immigration
Studies. The goal should be piece-by-piece negotiations which drive down
the numbers of arriving workers and migrants, even if the number-reducing deals
require some limited amnesties of current illegals, he said,
adding “ultimately it is [all about] numbers.”
“This is the first significant opportunity for people who
believe in the rule of law to go on the offense and
achieve something for the country … rather than stopping another
amnesty,” said Kris Kobach, the Kansas Secretary of State. He
continued, saying that the GOP leaders:
who are working hand-in-glove with the Chamber of
Commerce on amnesty are missing
the bigger strategic considerations … they are staring at the
trees, missing the forest all around them.
They’re doing damage to the country, alienating the blue-collar
voters who went overwhelmingly for Trump and [who] should be invited
into a Republican Party that defends the American worker.
Trump’s pro-American stance allows Americans to focus on
their goal of reducing numbers, instead of the amnesty threat, said Roy Beck,
founder of the appropriately named advocacy groups, NumbersUSA.
Trump’s popular and
ambitious immigration principles, released
October 8, says Americans need safeguards — including a large reduction in
immigration numbers — before any legalization can be offered to help migrants.
show Trump’s two-track proposals are far more
popular than the Democrats’ business-backed, pro-migrant, anti-American rhetoric.
Democrats and business leaders have tried to distract the media
from Trump’s popular, productivity-boosting,
election-winning immigration policy by getting the media to focus on the
smaller issue of several hundred thousand young illegals, so the so-called
“Dreamers.” That has been an easy task, ensuring
a steady river of fake news from
media outlets about the cost, reality,
and politics of
On October 11, for example, the Democrats’ leader in the House,
Rep. Nancy Pelosi described mass immigration as a “fundamental” part of
the United States, and suggested that ‘dreamer’ illegals have a veto over the
nation’s policies and Trump’s immigration principles:
They aren’t principles, they are trash – are unacceptable to the
DREAMers and those of us who fight for them, opposed by the overwhelming
majority of Americans and anathema to our national values. Together, these
brutal proposals – each one of them is horrible – but the cumulative effect of
them would destroy a fundamental part of the American character: a free nation
proud of its immigrant heritage.
The Democrats’ business
allies — who value immigrants as
consumers and as cheap workers — also want to shift the debate away
from numbers and from Trump’s principles.
In September, Tim Cook, the CEO of Apple, insisted the
DACA amnesty is “the
biggest issue of our time,” that Americans are inhuman for not
supporting a no-strings amnesty, that DACA illegals are better Americans than
Americans, and each illegal is as useful to the economy as billionaire Mike
This is the biggest issue of our time because this goes to the
values of being American. This is ‘Are we human’? ‘Are we acting in a track of
morality?’ right? These people … At Apple we have many … they love America
deeply. When you talk to them, I wish everyone in America loved American this
much. They have jobs, they pay taxes, they are pillars of their community,
They’re incredible people, and so, to me, it would be like someone coming
to Mike [Bloomberg] and saying ‘Mike, I just found out you aren’t really a
citizen here, you need to leave.’ This is unacceptable. This is not who we
are as a country, and so I am personally shocked that there is even a
discussion of this.
But then Cook dropped the schmaltz and unveiled his larger goal
of turning Americans’ raucous society into a billionaires’ tranquil
On the broad subject of immigration, if I were a country leader
right now, my goal would be to monopolize the world’s talent. I’d want every
smart person coming to my country because smart people create jobs and jobs is
the ultimate, ultimate thing that creates a great environment in a country … it
gives people a sense of purpose.
This hostility towards Americans’ civic society is political
suicide for Democrats, says a variety
of polls and says a growing number of left-leaning activists.
“Democrats in 2017, in general, tend to criticize the use of
immigration enforcement and tend to side with those accused of violating
immigration law, as a broad matter of principle … This is, to be blunt,
political suicide,” said Andrew Sullivan, the immigrant British-born author who
championed the same-sex movement, in New York
Even the New York
Times has recognized the Democrats’ vulnerability: “The pressure
from some immigrant activists to reject any compromise that would tighten
border security has frustrated Democratic leaders, who recognize the political
risks of being labeled the party of open borders — a potentially lethal tag as
they seek to regain support from working-class voters across the Midwest.”
Democrats and business
groups, however, continue to bluff their way through the polls. They are
bluffing the credulous media despite the nine-seat electoral disaster Senate
Democrats suffered after Sen. Chuck Schumer personally led the “Gang of Eight”
amnesty-and-cheap-labor bill in 2013 and 2014. On October 22, for example,
Schumer declared on Meet The
Well, I I would hope that we can get DACA done before the end of
the year. Um, there’s overwhelming
support in the House and Senate, once again, to deal with these
kids. Even the president has expressed sympathy. And I think in this case, it’s
genuine for the DACA kids. What happened here, same thing on health care. We
came to an agreement, the right wing attacked, and he backed off. He cannot let
a fringe wing of the Republican Party run the show, or his presidency will not
accomplish anything. And that’s the greatest rap against him, even with his
supporters. So what he ought to do is follow through on the agreement he had
with Leader Pelosi and I. If not, we will figure out a way to get this done
before the end of the year. We think it’s really important.
In contrast to the Democrats and the GOP leaders on the Hill,
administration officials are already hinting that they are aiming for a big
victory, not just a defeat of the latest amnesty demanded by business-first
lobbies and migrant-first Democrats.
On October 18, for example, Attorney General Jeff Sessions told
a Senate hearing:
I would just note the president has said he wants to work with
Congress. He has a heart for young people, but we have got to have more than
just an amnesty, friends. We need a good improvement in the illegality that’s
going on, and there is an opportunity right now, I’m telling you — an
opportunity now to do something historic.
“I am prepared to say, and I think I’ve said previously,
something could be worked out on this. But it can’t just be one-sided,”
Sessions told pro-amnesty GOP Sen. Lindsey Graham at the hearing. “President
[Trump] has set out a reasonable and effective plan with numerous immigration
priorities for this body to consider, including a border wall, significant asylum
reform, swift border returns and enhanced interior enforcement.”
So what are the historic goals of taking the initiative?
Trump’s popularprinciples offer
a good set of guidelines, say reformers. In his October 8 letter to Congress,
I have enclosed the detailed findings of this effort.
These findings outline reforms that must be included as part of any legislation
addressing the status of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA)
recipients. Without these reforms, illegal immigration and chain
migration, which severely and unfairly burden American workers and taxpayers,
will continue without end.
Immigration reform must create more jobs, higher wages, and
greater security for Americans — now and for future generations. The
reforms outlined in the enclosure are necessary to ensure prosperity,
opportunity, and safety for every member of our national family.
The benefits of any deal must be large to overcome the damage of
signing another amnesty said Kobach. “Amnesty is a bad public policy … no
matter what is connected with [because] any amnesty will result in a
new surge” of migrants towards the Texas border, he said.
That disaster was demonstrated in California, where the federal
1986 amnesty spurred a huge wave of illegal immigration and chain-migration
from Mexico. Twenty years later, the state is dominated by a combination of far-left
unions and extreme progressive elites, amid huge gaps between rich and poor,
educated and uneducated and a huge number of people who can’t
According to Kobach,
It would take quite a lot to justify the
negative consequences of an amnesty: At a minimum, there would have
to be nationwide E-Verify, plus something like the RAISE Act,
plus funding for the wall, plus additional measures to preserve
the rule of law … at a minimum, all of those things.
At this point, it does not look that kind of deal is
on the table … [so] I can’t see any [pending deal] that would
justify an amnesty.
“Going on the offensive is the thing to do, but [the goal] has
to be more than [offsetting cuts in] chain migration,” said Krikorian, director
of the Center for Immigration Studies.
Reformers say they needed to get strategic fixes for several
Chain-migration is a
huge issue for reformers because it more than doubles the annual inflow of 1
million immigrants. It ensures that each new migrant can bring in an endless
supply of their relatives, including elderly parents, uneducated siblings with
their children, and all of their home-nation politics. If not fixed, chain
migration would convert any DACA “fix” by Ryan for roughly three million
younger illegals into a huge wave of perhaps 10 million lower-skilled Mexican
migrants over the next 20 years — many of whom will vote Democratic in Texas.
The chain-migration problem would be reduced by the
pending RAISE Act, which is
backed by Trump, Georgia Sen. David Perdue and Arkansas Sen. Tom Cotton. A
similar version has been introduced in the House by Texas Rep. Lamar Smith.
Both would trim chain-migration by roughly 45 percent, cutting annual
immigration by roughly 400,000 relatives of recent immigrants.
Any reduction in immigration numbers is good for Americans
because it would pressures investors to develop new labor-saving machinery —
such as robotic cow-milking devices — and also to hire Americans now stuck in
dying interior towns.
Cutbacks in immigration would also pressure employers to recruit
and train the record level of sidelined workers, and also to raise Americans’
wages after decades of minimal wage growth, likely boosting American work
rates, marriages, births and GOP ballot-box numbers.
Each year, 4 million young Americans join the workforce, but
immigration adds roughly 1 million new workers – or one extra worker for every
four new American employees.
the name given to a federal database where employers can check the bona fides
of job applicants. The current system is voluntary, and reformers say it should
be mandatory so that employers can’t hire illegals with fake Social Security
Numbers. If mandatory, it could sharply cut traditional illegal immigration by
migrants who cross the Texas border, and also reduce the hundreds
of thousands of legal visitors who overstay their visas.
Lamar Smith also has an updated E-Verify bill, which also
requires officials to tell Americans when their Social Security Numbers are
being used by illegals. The bill was approved October 25 by the House judiciary
committee, allowing Ryan to schedule a floor vote by the House. It was passed with
support from the influential agriculture industry, which got in exchange a new
visa-worker program to provide them with roughly 1 million very cheap H-2C
border wall: The House and Senate appropriations committee has allocated
$1.6 billion as a downpayment on the border wall in 2018. Democrats strongly
oppose the wall, which is both a practical barrier to illegal migration into
the Democratic-dominated cheap-labor cities, and also a symbolic rebuke to the
progressives’ claim that Americans do not have their own country, but are
simply participants in an “American idea” which anyone in the world
can join, by legal or illegal immigration.
“Until the border is secure, any agreement on
[legal immigration] numbers of is 100 percent meaningless,” Rep. Louie Gohmert
told Breitbart News October 25. ” I cannot emphasize that enough ….
[but] once the border is secure, the numbers will matter.”
security improvements are needed to help deport illegals,
including those protected by Democratic-run sanctuary cities. Many of the
needed improvements are included in the Davis-Oliver Act, approved
in May by the House judiciary committee. So far, the GOP leadership in the
House has only allowed two small
portions of the act to be passed by the full House.
Also, Trump’s principles also
call for legal changes to end the “catch and release” policies required by the
rising tide of asylum claims at the Texas border.
For the moment, Ryan’s apparent willingness to go for a DACA
“fix,” not a pro-American strategic shift, means that reformers must spend a
lot of time blocking various unpopularamnesty proposals in the House and Senate.
For example, the Associated
Press cited GOP opposition to reports that Ryan would put
DACA-related legislation in the December budget bill:
Rep. Jim Jordan, R-Ohio, a former chairman of the group, said
“we’re nervous about the talk of putting it on the big spending bill in
“I think we’ve got to construct the border security wall. We got
to stop money going to sanctuary cities. I think it has to be that bold. … And
I think that needs to happen first, quite frankly,” Jordan said.
Reformers have stopped many prior amnesty bills, largely because
the public overwhelmingly
opposes cheap-labor migration, no-strings amnesties, and
favoritism towards migrants. Even before 2016, Ryan saw this public
pressure up close and personal in June 2014, when GOP primary voters
defenestrate his friend and colleague, Majority Leader Rep. Eric Cantor.
Congress Can’t Get Enough DACA
By Kenric Ward ImmigrationReform.com,
October 26, 2017
In their rush to rescue
Barack Obama’s unconstitutional DACA program, lawmakers are floating five bills
that would grant green cards and citizenship to more than 1 million illegal
immigrants. Aside from a few cosmetic enforcement provisions in a few of the
bills, none of the proposed legislation would do anything to prevent or deter
the next wave of illegal immigration.
The bipartisan measures go
beyond legalizing the 787,580 young people in DACA (Deferred Action for
Childhood Arrivals); they open the door to as many as 3,571,000 immigrants,
according to one estimate. Legal permanent residence would be awarded to:
Noting that green card
holders cannot petition for extended family members, a recent Politifact tried
to downplay the potential impact of chain migration, stating, “It’s unlikely
that the nearly 800,000 DACA recipients have spouses and unmarried children
back in their home country.”
That’s disingenuous and
misleading. Once immigrants get a green card, they’re eligible to apply for
citizenship, which provides the conduit for all manner of extended family.