Sunday, February 23, 2020



Pope Francis: Populists’ Anti-Immigration Policies Disseminate ‘Fear and Hatred’, Resemble Nazi Rhetoric

Pope Francis (R) speaks during his weekly general audience on February 5, 2020 at Paul VI hall in the Vatican. (Photo by ANDREAS SOLARO / AFP) (Photo by ANDREAS SOLARO/AFP via Getty Images)

ROME — Pope Francis said that policies proposed by populist politicians to curb mass migration only serve to stoke hatred and fuel fear, comparing them to Nazi rhetoric on Sunday.
In an address to a gathering organized by the Italian bishops’ conference in the southern Italian city of Bari, the pope connected dots between war, international migration, and climate change, three key issues of his pontificate.
Francis underscored the plight of “all who are fleeing war or who have left their homelands in search of a humanly dignified life,” while urging European nations not to close their borders to them.
“The number of these brothers and sisters – forced to abandon their loved ones and their lands, and to face conditions of extreme insecurity – has risen as a result of spreading conflicts and increasingly dramatic environmental and climatic conditions,” he said.
“While countries experiencing this flow of migrants and countries to which they travel are affected by this, so too are the governments and Churches of the migrants’ countries of origin, which, with the departure of so many young people, witness the impoverishment of their own future,” he added.
In this context, the pope had harsh words for populist politicians such as Italy’s Matteo Salvini who have characterized recent mass migration into Europe as an “invasion.”
“Fear is leading to a sense that we need to defend ourselves against what is depicted in demagogic terms as an invasion,” Francis said. “The rhetoric of the clash of civilizations merely serves to justify violence and to nurture hatred.”
The pontiff said it is “unthinkable” to try to address the problem of immigration by erecting walls.
“I grow fearful when I hear certain speeches by some leaders of the new forms of populism; it reminds me of speeches that disseminated fear and hatred back in the thirties of the last century,” he said, in reference to the rise of Fascism and National Socialism.
The Mediterranean “is the sea of intermingling,” Francis said. “Notions of racial purity have no future.”
“The message of intermingling has much to tell us,” he said. “To be part of the Mediterranean region is a source extraordinary potential: may we not allow a spirit of nationalism to spread the opposite view, namely, that those states less accessible and geographically more isolated should be privileged.”
“As I said, it is unthinkable that this process of acceptance and dignified integration can be accomplished by building walls,” he continued. “When we do so, we cut ourselves off from the richness brought by others, which always represents an opportunity for growth.”
Efforts to resist international migration “stand in the way of the unification of the human family, which despite many challenges, continues to advance,” he said.
The pope also referenced recent comparisons of biblical figures and Jesus himself to migrants and refugees.
“Last week, an artist from Turin sent me a little wood-burned picture of the flight to Egypt with Saint Joseph, not the peaceful Saint Joseph we are used to seeing on holy cards, but Saint Joseph in the guise of a Syrian refugee bearing a child on his shoulders,” Francis said. “It portrayed the pain and the bitter tragedy of the Child Jesus on the flight to Egypt. The same thing that is happening today.”


CNN, Fox News Fixate On Iran—Ignore Mexican Invasion
By Ann Coulter

4.3M Migrants Caught at SW Border in Decade — More Than Los Angeles Population

Moises Castillo/AP Photo, File
 30 Dec 2019588
Border Patrol agents apprehended more than four million migrants who illegally crossed the southwest border with Mexico during the past 10 fiscal years. If these migrants were placed into a single city, it would be larger than Los Angeles by population.
During the past 10 fiscal years, October 1, 2009, through September 30, 2019, U.S. Border Patrol agents assigned to the nine sectors that make up the United States’ southwest border with Mexico apprehended 4,318,200 migrants. The highest year during that decade for apprehensions occurred during Fiscal Year 2019 when agents apprehended 851,553 — including 76,020 Unaccompanied Alien Children (UAC) and 473,682 Family Unit Aliens (FMUA), according to reports obtained from U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
Apprehensions by Fiscal Year:
  • FY2019 —  851,553
  • FY2018 —  396,579
  • FY2017 —  303,916
  • FY2016 — 408,870
  • FY2015 —  331,333
  • FY2014 —  479,371
  • FY2013 —  414,397
  • FY2012 —  356,873
  • FY2011 —  327,577
  • FY2010 —  447,731
During the past decade, Rio Grande Valley (RGV) Sector Border Patrol agents apprehended the largest numbers of migrants. Between fiscal years 2010 and 2019, RGV Sector agents apprehended 1,600,663 migrants who illegally crossed the border into South Texas, the reports state.
Agents assigned to the Tucson Sector had the second-highest number of total apprehensions — 946,948. The Big Bend Sector in West Texas had the lowest number of total apprehensions — 56,149.
The report shows a shifting in migration traffic during the past decade. In FY2010, the Tucson Sector reported the highest number of apprehensions — 212,202. This changed in FY2013 when the largest apprehension numbers shifted to the RGV Sector.
In Fiscal Year 2019, RGV agents apprehended 339,135 migrants including 34,523 UACs and 211,631 FMUAs.
During the past 10 fiscal years, Border Patrol agents apprehended a total of 433,216 unaccompanied minors. Officials reported that more than half of those apprehensions, 235,050 took place in the RGV Sector.
FMUA apprehension numbers for the decade were not readily available. U.S. Customs and Border Protection officials provided statistics for Fiscal Years 2013 through 2019. During that period, Border Patrol agents apprehended 857,328 family units. More than half of these, 463,811, occurred in the RGV Sector.
FMUA apprehensions represent the largest increase in migrant demographics. The number of apprehensions jumped from 14,855 in FY2013 to 473,682 in FY2019 — an increase of more than 3,000 percent. Again, more than half of the FMUA apprehensions occurred in the RGV Sector — 463,811.
With three fiscal years missing from the FMUA report, FMUA and UAC apprehensions account for 1.3 million of the total 4.3 million apprehensions. These demographics also represent the highest cost to U.S. taxpayers in terms of processing, transporting, feeding, and providing healthcare, Border Patrol officials repeatedly state.
Bob Price serves as associate editor and senior political news contributor for the Breitbart Texas-Border team. He is an original member of the Breitbart Texas team. Follow him on Twitter @BobPriceBBTX and Facebook.
Migrants Flooded the Border in 2019 — Census Bureau Claims the Inflow Dropped
Guillermo Arias / AFP / Getty Images
 31 Dec 2019196
The Census Bureau claims that immigration dropped to just 595,000 people in the 12 months up to mid-2019, but the estimate is built on conflicting data, said Steven Camarota, a statistician at the Center for Immigration Studies.
“Net immigration is a very hard thing to measure because there is so much sampling variability” amid continued arrivals and departures, he said, adding that President Donald Trump’s pro-American policies may be prompting illegal migrants to evade surveys.
The bureau’s conflicting migrant population estimates are hidden under the bureau’s claim that the nation’s population rose by just 0.5 percent from July 2018 to July 2019, up to 328 million. The number is low partly because the bureau says the resident population of legal and illegal migrants rose by only 595,000 during the year up to July 2019.
But the Department of Homeland Security reported that 700,000 migrants crossed the southeastern border in the nine months before July 2019. The vast majority of those Central American migrants were allowed to stay pending their eventual asylum hearings.
That inflow of 700,000 migrants does not include the inflow of many illegal immigrants, the inflow of people who overstay their visas, nor the back-and-forth flow of roughly two million white-collar and blue-collar temporary workers, nor the legal immigrant inflow that has been about one million per year, even as 3.8 million new Americans were born during the same period.
Trump sharply reduced the flow of border migrants in the second half of 2019 and may have reduced the number of new overstays and new illegals. But Congress and business have blocked his 2018 efforts to shrink legal immigration.
Business groups and investors want the federal government to stimulate their economic growth and stock values by adding more immigrant workers and more consumers. Faster population growth means higher forecasts for economic consumption, sales, housing prices, and profits, thus boosting the value of stock prices on Wall Street.
So business groups are touting the bureau’s new low-ball estimate to demand even more migration. For example, the New York Times portrayed the bureau’s new claim of slow immigrant growth as bad for investors and the economy:
William H. Frey, a noted demographer and senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, said in an interview Monday that the percentage increase was the lowest in a century. The growth rate during the most recent decade, about 6.7 percent, is expected to be the lowest since the government started taking population counts around 1790, he said.
“This is a huge downturn in the nation’s growth,” Mr. Frey said. “This is even lower than the Great Depression.”
Census watchers say that one of the biggest reasons for the stagnancy of the population is the decrease in the number of new immigrants. a trend that has continued through President Trump’s first three years in office.
“The immigration is really the [economic] safety valve for us going forward,” Mr. Frey said of population growth. “I think that immigration is an important part of what we have to think about going forward.”
In contrast, wage-earning Americans gain from a reduced migrant inflow. Any declines in worker population pressure employers to compete for new employees by offering higher wages and by training sidelined Americans. The slower population growth also allows young Americans to migrate to good jobs in other regions, and to buy homes in good locations at lower costs. Slower population growth also forces employers to buy labor-saving machines to allow employees to earn more by getting more work done each day.
Those changes also mean that slower population growth — via lower births or reduced immigration — also tends to transfer wealth from older investors back to young wage-earners. “Throughout American history, even during the Great Depression, business always says they don’t have enough workers,” said Camarota, adding:
That’s true today as well – [because] they always want to keep wages down [and] they have an [economic] interest in an ever-more densely populated America. Whether that is in the interest of the American people already here that is a different question.

Almost 50% of U.S. employees got higher wages in 2019, up from almost 40% in 2018.
That's useful progress - but wage growth will likely rise faster if Congress stopped inflating the labor supply for the benefit of business. 

Pay Raises and Training Expand in Donald Trump's Tight Labor Market

However, the Associated Press pushed the same pro-migration, pro-growth theme. “Immigration is a wildcard in that it is something we can do something about,” Frey said. “Immigrants tend to be younger and have children, and they can make a population younger.”
“Immigration is no fix for an aging society,” said Camarota.  “The immigrants grow old, and they don’t have that many children.” Currently,  “everybody has got low fertility … and the fertility of young immigrants has declined more than the fertility of natives,” he said.
Some of the population data is easy to count accurately. For example, government agencies and hospitals reported just 3,791,712 births and 2,835,038 deaths in 2019, so boosting the native-born population by only 956,674.
But estimates for immigration are far more difficult, said Camarota.
For example, the two Census Bureau population-tracking estimates lag far behind the news.
In November, the bureau released its 2018 American Community Survey that excluded data from the second half of 2018 and all of 2019. So the 2018 report missed the inflow of roughly 800,000 migrants across the border in 2019 as it reported that 1.45 million new legal and illegal immigrants settled in the United States during 2017.
The estimated 1.45 million immigrant inflow in 2017 is down from 1.75 million migrants in 2016 and the 1.62 million migrants in 2015, but it was also more than any year between 2002 to 2013.
Alongside the ACS, the bureau also releases the Current Population Survey (CPS). It “showed a significantly larger total number of [legal and illegal] immigrants in 2018 (45.8 million) vs. the total shown in the ACS (44.7 million),” said a November analysis by Camarota.
“A recent news story in the New York Times announced that growth in the immigrant population “Slows to a Trickle,” said an October report by CIS, which explained:
An op-ed in the Times a few weeks later went even further, mistakenly interpreting the earlier report as meaning that “immigration fell 70%” in the last year. The writers interpret this as the result of President Trump’s immigration policy changes.
But it is not clear that any slowdown in immigration has actually taken place.
First, growth in the immigrant population does not measure new arrivals; immigrants come and go, so the net change in the total is not the same as the annual number of new arrivals.
More important, though, is that the two Census Bureau surveys that measure the foreign-born have recently diverged in unexpected ways. The Times news story correctly reports the results of one of those data sources, the American Community Survey (ACS), showing a growth of 200,000 immigrants. But the other data source, the Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement (CPS ASEC, or just CPS for short), shows an increase of 1.6 million in the immigrant population between 2017 and 2018 – quite the opposite of “slowing to a trickle”.
These annual differences produce larger differences over several years, said the CIS report:
In terms of growth, the ACS shows a 4.8 million increase from 2010 to 2018 in the immigrant population, while the [2018] CPS shows a 6.9 million increase over the same period. The just-released 2019 CPS shows an increase of 7.3 million since 2010 …
From 2015 to 2019, growth in the immigrant population averaged one million in the CPS, while in the ACS it averaged 600,000 from 2015 to 2018 (Figure 1 and Table 1).

NYT's Tom Edsall says Trump's immigration-reform voters are 'snakes and vermin.'
Edsall usually tries to understand ordinary Americans' concerns. But he & his elite peers live in a bubble & just don't see immigration's huge economic damage to Americans. 

NYT Columnist: American 'Snakes and Vermin' Support Trump's Immigration Policy

The swearing-in of new citizens also lags,he Census Bureau reports. The naturalization data show that a record number of immigrants became citizens — and possible voters — in 2019:

11 year high! @realDonaldTrump and his administration are pro-LEGAL immigration, while being tough on ILLEGAL immigration. 

CALIFORNIA: now a colony of Mexico

By Jessica Vaughan

Earlier this week ICE released its 2019 report on enforcement activity. While overall removals increased due to a record number of illegal arrivals at the southwest border, removals from the interior declined by 10 percent. Meanwhile, ICE's caseload grew by 24 percent, with more than 630,000 cases added to its docket, which has grown to a record high of more than three million cases.

Vox Editor Says U.S. Needs 600 Million Migrants to Counter China

3 Jan 202031
The nation’s Military-Industrial Complex needs to import at least 600 million immigrants to counter the growing push by China for world power, says a forthcoming book by Matthew Yglesias, the top editor at the influential progressive website,
The One Billion Americans book is “a bold case for massive population growth in the name of national greatness,” says the blurb from the publisher, Penguin Random House. The press release continues:
America is in decline. Fewer children are born each year due to financial pressure. Thousands flee our iconic cities with their housing shortages and broken infrastructure. While we tie ourselves into knots trying to stop the flow of immigrants, our exhausted economy deflates the heartland’s already shrinking population. To survive China’s impending global takeover (not to mention Russia), we can’t afford to be weak. We need to get bigger, much bigger. We need one billion Americans.
The United States has a population of roughly 320 million Americans, so Yglesias’s plan would require a population boost of at least 600 million. If the migrants are imported over 20 years, his plan requires that annual immigration be raised from roughly one million legal immigrants to at least 15 million legal immigrants. 
The blurb does not describe how much extra cash the 320 million Americans will have to pay for housing as the 600 million people compete for decent housing — any housing — in cities and suburbs. 
The blurb is silent about how much wealth would flow from wage earners to stock investors as hundreds of millions of imported workers flood the labor market, drive down salaries, and spike the stock market. 
The blurb says nothing about the politics of a country where most new immigrants would likely flow to the coastal states, boosting the relative wealth and voting power of California over Colorado, New Jersey over Nebraska, and New York over Nevada. 
The blurb does not describe the likely civic chaos in a super-diverse country where American citizens would be stripped of their shared religious, cultural, and historical ties that have long been used to bind the people to each other, the elite to the ordinary, and the rulers to the ruled. 
The blurb ignores alternative ideas for curbing China, for example, cutting immigration to spur Americans’ productivity, science, prosperity, political coherence, and ability to support weaker countries in Asia and Africa. 
The blurb discreetly ignores the role of clever people who have helped to export jobs, technology, and wealth to China over the past 20 years: 

Careless US estb. lets China hire thousands of scientists in the US, incl. many employed by US taxpayers, to steal tech by the boatload, admits (far too late) bipartisan Senate report.
No gov't or Ivy League managers are fired.
No visa program is frozen. 

Senate Report: Careless Elites Help China Steal Americans' Technology

But the blurb suggests Yglesias’s great transformation will create many opportunities for a class of clever people in the major cities — such as Matt Yglesias — to rule over ordinary Americans amid the civic divisions that Yglesias and his peers want to create: 
Of course, more people requires more housing, not to mention better transportation, improved education, a revitalized welfare system, and climate change mitigation.
Drawing on economic theory and research from leading policy experts, he offers ideas from around the globe—from Singapore’s approach to traffic jams to Canada’s town planning—that move us beyond left-right divides, to explore the practical and creative solutions our times call for.
Yglesias’s website is pro-migration and anti-Trump. In August 2019, he echoed the Cold War claims that Americans’ homeland is instead a “Nation of Immigrants” with a world-changing mission that overwhelms mundane matters, such as Americans’ wages and prosperity:
Immigration to the United States has not, historically, been an act of kindness toward strangers. It’s been a strategy for national growth and national greatness.
Washington and his fellow founders could have established America as a kind of exclusive club. The present-day United States undoubtedly would still be a prosperous and pleasant nation. But our cities would be smaller, our global influence would be reduced, and many fewer of the world’s cutting-edge companies would be based here. We would suffer, as small countries tend to, from our talented and ambitious young people seeking their fortunes in bigger places abroad. With many fewer people, it wouldn’t be the great nation it is today.
While a lot has changed since Washington’s time, two fundamentals have not. The United States is still a country with a mission and a desire for greatness on the world stage. And America’s openness to people who want to move here and make a better life for themselves is fuel for that greatness.
Unsurprisingly, Yglesias breezily dismisses the abundant evidence the immigration shifts money from ordinary wage-earners to wealthy investors:
as Michael Greenstone and Adam Looney of the center-left Hamilton Project put it, “immigrants and U.S.-born workers generally do not compete for the same jobs; instead, many immigrants complement the work of U.S. employees and increase their productivity.”
In contrast, there’s much evidence — including 30 years of economic statistics — that immigration is a disguised economic policy to transfer wealth from young American wage-earners to older investors, and from heartland states to the coasts.

NYT's Tom Edsall says Trump's immigration-reform voters are 'snakes and vermin.'
Edsall usually tries to understand ordinary Americans' concerns. But he & his elite peers live in a bubble & just don't see immigration's huge economic damage to Americans. 

NYT Columnist: American 'Snakes and Vermin' Support Trump's Immigration Policy

THOMAS HOMAN, the former acting head of 

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement 

warned Democrats running in 2020 about 

“enticing” illegal immigrants with lax policies.
"They say they care about these people, they 
care about children dying and women being 
raped... they need to look in the mirror 
because if you keep offering enticements...
 'sanctuary cities'... free health care... in-state 
tuition... people are going to put themselves in
harm's way to come to this country," Homan 
told Steve Hilton on "The Next Revolution."

Six-Time Deported Illegal 

Alien Accused of Killing 

Colorado Grandmother
   29 Dec 20192,239

A six-time deported illegal alien has been arrested for allegedly killing a 51-year-old Colorado grandmother after being released from local law enforcement custody.
Juan Sanchez, a Mexican illegal alien who has already been deported from the United States six times over the last decade, was arrested last week and charged with vehicular homicide and fleeing the scene of an accident after he allegedly hit and killed Annette Conquering Bear, a grandmother, while she was walking home from Walgreens, 9 News reported.
Sanchez, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officials revealed, was deported from the U.S. twice in 2002, three times in 2008, and in 2012. Sometime after his last deportation, he illegally re-entered the U.S. for the seventh time.
“Sanchez is an ICE enforcement priority,” ICE officials said in a statement.
Four days before Conquering Bear’s killing, Sanchez was in local law enforcement custody on suspicion of drunk driving but was released after Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officials said they did not have enough time in advance to lodge a detainer against him so he could be turned over to their custody.
During that arrest, Sanchez was allegedly driving drunk with a blood-alcohol level of 0.183, which is twice the legal limit. Police said Sanchez admitted to having had “two beers” before getting in his car and driving with an “international driver’s license.”
Sanchez was taken into custody at the time and was then quickly released after he became uncooperative and allegedly telling officers, “I’ll fight my way out of jail.”
The illegal alien is now being held on a $500,000 bond.
John Binder is a reporter for Breitbart News. Follow him on Twitter at @JxhnBinder

Sanctuary City Released Human Rights Violator

And then NYC hit the snooze button on this wake-up call

By Andrew R. Arthur on December 21, 2019
In my last post, I discussed a Liberian amnesty provision that was snuck into section 7611 of the National Defense Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 2020. I specifically referenced the case of Liberian human rights violator Charles Cooper, who was removed by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) to Liberia in June 2018. I left out the part about how the New York Police Department (NYPD) failed to honor an ICE detainer for him, and released him without even notifying the agency. The incident does not reflect well on those who set the rules for New York's finest.
Cooper entered the United States in January 2006 on a nonimmigrant visa, and remained beyond his authorized return date. He was no ordinary visa overstay. According to ICE, Cooper "served as a bodyguard to former Liberian President Charles Taylor and was a member of a paramilitary police unit called the Secret Security Service (SSS)."
ICE continued: "Cooper, while a member of the SSS and the National Patriotic Front of Liberia [NPLF], was directly involved in the persecution of civilians in Liberia." In addition to identifying Cooper as "a human rights violator," the agency asserted that he was "a member of an organization known for setting fires to whole villages."
The aforementioned Charles Taylor is a special case. He was a Liberian civil servant in the 1980s, and was accused of embezzlement. He made his way to the United States, but escaped from prison in Massachusetts where he was being held for extradition, and travelled back to West Africa. He thereafter formed the NPFL, and in 1989 launched attacks against the Liberian government from the Ivory Coast, igniting Liberia's first civil war.
Global Security explains that between December 1989 and the middle of 1993, the NPFL "is estimated to have been responsible for thousands of deliberate killings of civilians. As NPFL forces advanced towards Monrovia in 1990, they targeted people of the Krahn and Mandingo ethnic groups, both of which the NPFL considered supporters of [then-Liberian President Samuel] Doe's government."
Various factions became involved in the conflict, including the NPFL; forces that were loyal to Doe; the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and their Nigerian-led peacekeeping force, ECOMOG; and the breakaway Independent National Patriotic Front of Liberia (INPFL), which was led by Prince Johnson. INPFL captured, mutilated, and killed Doe on September 10, 1990.
The first bloody civil war ended with Taylor's election as president in 1997. According to Britannica, however:
As president, Taylor restructured the army, filling it with members of his former militia. Conflict ensued between Taylor and the opposition, and Monrovia became the scene of widespread gun battles and looting. Governments around the world accused Taylor of supporting rebels in Sierra Leone, and in 2000 the United Nations Security Council imposed sanctions on Liberia. The country was subsequently gripped again by civil war, and Taylor, accused of gross human rights violations, was indicted by a UN-sponsored war-crimes tribunal (the Special Court for Sierra Leone) in 2003.
Following widespread international condemnation, Taylor agreed to go into exile in Nigeria. In March 2006, however, the Liberian government requested Taylor's extradition, and Nigeria announced that it would comply with the order. Taylor subsequently attempted to flee Nigeria but was quickly captured. Charged with crimes against humanity and war crimes committed during Sierra Leone's civil war, he was later sent to The Hague, where he was to be tried before the Special Court for Sierra Leone.
Taylor was found guilty in April 2012 on 11 counts "of bearing responsibility for the war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by rebel forces during Sierra Leone's civil war", and subsequently sentenced to 50 years in prison.
Back to Cooper. As noted, he entered as a nonimmigrant with permission to remain until August 2006. When he failed to depart, he was placed into removal proceedings. He was ordered removed by an immigration judge and appealed the decision, which was dismissed by the Board of Immigration Appeals in February 2016.
According to ICE:
On Aug. 11, 2017, Cooper was arrested by the New York Police Department, and charged with DWI. On that same date, [ICE Enforcement and Removal Operations (ERO)] deportation officers lodged an immigration detainer with the NYPD's Richmond Central Booking. Cooper was released from NYPD custody, without the detainer being honored and without notification to ICE.
Fortunately, in May 2018, ICE deportation officers arrested Cooper in Staten Island, New York, leading to his removal.
As my former colleague Preston Huennekens reported: "In March 2013, New York City began ignoring [ICE] detainer notices." According to ICE, the agency had "not been notified about the release of aliens in custody at New York City facilities since 2014, except for those that fall within the 170 crimes considered egregious by the Mayor's Office." Apparently, human rights violators do not make the cut.
Huennekens noted that in just one three-month period (January to mid-April 2018), the NYPD and the New York Department of Corrections together ignored 440 detainers; "40 of those individuals released from custody subsequently committed more crimes and were arrested again." About this, ICE stated: "In just three months, more than three dozen criminal aliens were released from local custody. Simply put, the politics and rhetoric in this city are putting its own communities at an unnecessary risk."
To restate the obvious: Sanctuary policies, including those that prevent ICE from finding out about the release of dangerous aliens and that require police to ignore ICE detainers, make no sense. They only serve as sanctuary for criminals, or in Cooper's case, human rights violators.
Cooper should have served as a wake-up call to those in power who, for purely political reasons, require the NYPD to turn a blind eye to ICE's requests for help. But instead, as Huennekens' reporting demonstrates, Gotham's officials simply hit the snooze button.