Sunday, November 8, 2009




Sen. Reid Blocks Sen. Sessions’ E-Verify Amendment to Unemployment Extension Bill

This past week, undeterred by Congress’ previous failure to permanently extend E-Verify, Senator Jeff Sessions (R-AL) again took to the Senate floor to fight for American workers and to protect American jobs. When the Senate took up a bill to extend federal unemployment benefits for 14 weeks, Senator Sessions filed an amendment to permanently extend the E-Verify program – the online, electronically operated system that allows employers to quickly and easily confirm that their new hires are legally authorized to work in the United States and not illegal aliens. (H.R. 3548, September 22, 2009; See S.AMDT.2695, October 20, 2009). The Sessions amendment will ensure that available jobs would go to American citizens and legal immigrants.

Earlier this year, during Senate debate over the Department of Homeland Security annual appropriations bill, Senator Jeff Sessions (R-AL) successfully attached an amendment permanently extending E-Verify to the Senate version of the DHS bill. (See FAIR’s Legislative Update, July 13, 2009). Unfortunately, the Sessions amendment was stripped from the final version of the bill by the House-Senate conferees, and the DHS Appropriations bill ultimately authorized E-Verify for only three years. (See FAIR’s Legislative Update, October 19, 2009).

Senator Sessions’ latest amendment sought to accomplish three important job protection and immigration enforcement-related goals, including:

Making E-Verify permanent. (S.AMDT.2695, Sec. 201). As stated above, Congress recently reauthorized E-Verify for only three years. This leaves the program vulnerable to amnesty proponents using a long-term or permanent reauthorization of E-Verify as a bargaining chip to leverage the passage of a mass amnesty for the 12 million illegal aliens living in the United States.

Requiring that individuals who receive unemployment compensation benefits under any state or federal law first have their identity and employment eligibility verified through E-Verify. (Id., Sec. 203). This provision in the Sessions amendment would have helped ensure that illegal aliens would not be able to access taxpayer-subsidized unemployment compensation benefits.

Requiring businesses that contract with the federal government to use E-Verify “to verify the identity and employment eligibility of—(1) all individuals hired during the term of the contract by the contractor to perform employment duties within the United States; and (2) all individuals assigned by the contractor to perform work within the United States…under such contract.” (Id., Sec. 204). The Obama Administration recently – after several delays – implemented a regulation similar to this provision of the Sessions amendment. (See FAIR’s Legislative Update, September 8, 2009). However, the Sessions amendment is necessary because it would have codified the requirement that federal contractors use E-Verify, effectively barring the Obama – or any subsequent – Administration from gutting this provision without Congressional approval.
Unfortunately, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) filed a motion to cut off debate (i.e., invoke cloture) on the unemployment compensation extension bill without first allowing the Senate to vote on the Sessions amendment. The Senate agreed to Reid’s “cloture motion,” effectively stalling any forward momentum on the Sessions amendment. (Roll Call Vote #329, October 27, 2009). The Senate is expected to vote on final passage of the legislation sometime this week. (Congressional Quarterly, October 29, 2009).




The Washington Times


By Jerry Seper


Published April 10, 2006

An Alabama employment agency that sent 70 laborers and construction workers to job sites in that state in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina says the men were sent home after just two weeks on the job by employers who told them "the Mexicans had arrived" and were willing to work for less. Linda Swope, who operates Complete Employment Services Inc. in Mobile, Ala., told The Washington Times last week that the workers -- whom she described as U.S. citizens, residents of Alabama and predominantly black -- had been "urgently requested" by contractors hired to rebuild and clear devastated areas of the state, but were told to leave three job sites when the foreign workers showed up. "After Katrina, our company had 70 workers on the job the first day, but the companies decided they didn't need them anymore because the Mexicans had arrived," Mrs. Swope said. "I assure you it is not true that Americans don't want to work. "We had been told that 270 jobs might be available, and we could have filled every one of them with men from this area, most of whom lost their jobs because of the hurricane," she said. "When we told the guys they would not be needed, they actually cried ... and we cried with them. This is a shame." Mrs. Swope said employment agencies throughout Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi faced similar problems, when thousands of men from Mexico and several Central and South American countries -- many in crowded buses and trucks -- came into the three states after Katrina, looking for employment and willing to work for less money. The number of foreign workers who flooded the area after the hurricane has been estimated at more than 30,000. Many of them have been identified by law-enforcement authorities and others as illegal aliens. The Gulf Coast Latin American Association noted in a report that whether those workers will remain after the cleanup work is completed is not clear, but the longer those jobs last, the more likely it is that the workers will settle permanently. After Hurricane Andrew hit southeastern Florida in 1992, the association said, the construction boom attracted large numbers of Hispanic immigrants to several areas, including Homestead, Fla., where the Latino population doubled during the 1990s. Many of the illegal aliens came into the Gulf Coast states not only from south of the border but also from California, Arizona and Texas, responding to the demand for workers. U.S. Border Patrol officials in the three states have reported an increase in the number of illegals apprehended. Some of the migrants who did get jobs in the Gulf states also were mistreated, records show. Two class-action lawsuits are pending in federal court in New Orleans in which thousands of migrant workers said they never were paid, although many worked 12-hour shifts, seven days a week and were required to remove toxic contamination from hurricane-ravaged buildings. Some of the named companies were working on contracts from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and other government agencies. Government estimates put at 400,000 the number of jobs lost in the Gulf region as a result of Katrina, which displaced more than 1.5 million people, and many of those workers left the area to seek employment elsewhere because available construction, laborer and cleanup jobs in Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi had been filled by foreign workers, including illegal aliens. President Bush last week signed the Katrina Emergency Assistance Act of 2006, which extended for 13 weeks unemployment compensation benefits to more than 140,000 residents of the Gulf states who were displaced from their jobs by Katrina. Their benefits, funded by FEMA, had expired March 4. Would-be employers in Alabama, Louisiana and Mississippi, awash in cleanup and reconstruction jobs, faced little in the way of legal problems in hiring the illegal aliens after Katrina because the Department of Homeland Security temporarily suspended the sanctioning of employers who hired workers unable to document their citizenship. Mr. Bush also had suspended the Davis-Bacon Act, which requires local contractors to pay "prevailing" wages, in the areas hit by Katrina to encourage reconstruction and cleanup. "The men we sent to jobs in Alabama were local fellows looking for work, men who needed jobs," Mrs. Swope said.

"After driving 50 miles to the work sites where they had been promised $10 an hour, they discovered the employers had found substitutes who were willing to work for less." ................
Cut and paste articles and post email all over the country!

Report Illegals & Employers Toll Free... (866) 347-2423
INS National Customer Service Center Phone: 1-800-375-5283.
You can contact President Obama and let him know of your opposition to amnesty for illegal aliens:
Here is the Department of Homeland Security's Hotline for reporting suspected illegal employees and employers: 866-347-2423 (YOU MAY BE WASTING YOUR TIME HERE. HISPANDERING OBAMA SELECTED LA RAZA JANET NAPOLITANO TO HEAD “HOMELAND SECURITY = PATHWAY TO CITIZENSHIP” FOR OPEN AND UNDEFENDED BORDERS)
Immigration Enforcement Group Defends Against Amnesty Push



Tony Phyrillas
Another liberal, Sen. Diane Feinstein of California, said the American people are too stupid to understand the opening the nation's borders to anyone who wants to come in is good for them.

Feinstein said amnesty opponents "don't understand the bill." Feinstein urged her colleagues to vote for cloture because "if we miss this opportunity, there is not likely to be another opportunity in the next few years to fix this."





Unemployment NOT high enough!
Foreclosures NOT high enough!
Banksters’ profits NOT high enough!

Over 100 Democrats Push Obama on Immigration Reform
Marcelo Ballvé, New America Media Tue Oct 27, 11:29 pm ET
SAN FRANCISCO, Oct 27 (New America Media) - Is immigration reform back?
Hoping to jump-start a major legislative drive on immigration reform in the U.S. Congress, more than 100 pro-reform House Democrats signed a letter reminding President Obama of his administration's commitment to overhaul immigration.
The letter was clearly meant to nudge the White House toward engaging an issue it has allowed to languish.
The letter expressed House Democrats' "commitment to fix our broken immigration system" and cited "strong support for moving forward on fair and humane comprehensive immigration reform this year." One of the signees, Rep. Luis Gutierrez, an Illinois Democrat, is gearing up to introduce a major immigration reform bill as early as next month.
Immigration advocates and their allies in Congress believe there is a window for immigration reform to pass early next year, before midterm elections complicate the political calculus.
"The room for doing this is very tight," Gutierrez said earlier this month on the Spanish-language Univision network's political talk program, "Al Punto." "We have to do it in February or early March of next year."
The renewed buzz around reform has raised expectations in the Hispanic community, but since such hopes have been dashed before, there is still an undercurrent of skepticism.
Despite the stirrings in the lower House of Representatives, it's still unclear how much traction an immigration fix has in the Congress overall. Gutierrez's bill and the letter to President Obama are only opening plays in a long campaign to push immigration to the center of Washington, D.C.'s always crowded agenda.
The recent moves might help Democrats show Hispanic voters that the party is aware of widespread frustration with the current immigration system. But there's still no clear commitment to a timetable for an overhaul, or certainty that it will come.
"The timeline for immigration remains uncertain," acknowledged Rep. Joseph Crowley, the New York Democrat who organized the letter on immigration sent to President Obama and signed by 111 House Democrats.
Time, he went on to admit, is short. Because of the November 2010 elections, "the further we go into next year ... the more difficult I think it will be to address this issue" as risk-averse incumbents avoid controversial issues like immigration.
Rep. Crowley spoke during a teleconference call with reporters organized last week by the National Immigration Forum, a nonpartisan pro-immigration advocacy group in Washington, D.C., and New America Media.
Immigrant advocates know that once health care reform is settled, immigration will compete with other crucial issues, including banking regulation and the interrelated climate and energy questions, for political attention, said Ali Noorani, National Immigration Forum's executive director.
That is why pro-immigration groups like his are organizing letter-writing, fax, and email campaigns, to create a groundswell that will inject urgency into their demands that Congress act on immigration.
As always, immigration reform pivots on one sensitive question: What happens with the nation's 12 million undocumented immigrants?
While most pro-reform advocates envision a path to some sort of legal status for undocumented immigrants already in the country, opponents call such plans an amnesty that would encourage still more illegal immigration.
The cries of "amnesty" sunk Congress's last serious attempt to reform immigration in 2007, and this time pro-reform advocates want to ensure that they are not drowned out by anti-immigration voices.
"We must keep up the drumbeat," wrote Tamar Jacoby, head of ImmigrationWorks USA, a pro-immigration business group, in an e-mail to supporters. "Many members of Congress still don't get it. Many are still leery of immigration. And when they go home to their districts, they still hear only the voices shouting 'No.' We have to help change that."
Local groups advocating for immigrants' rights are striving to be proactive.
"We need to take control of this [reform] timeline," said Chung-Wa Hong, New York Immigrant Coalition executive director.
Hong, who participated in the teleconference last week with Rep. Crowley, said immigrant voters "are angry -- they voted for change and they're seeing more of the same." She said that only a surge of voter demands for an immigration overhaul would galvanize Congress into action, and any expectations of a Washington, D.C.-initiated fix were politically naive.
Part of the problem for immigration reform is partisanship. Rep. Crowley could cite only one possible Republican backer by name: Arizona Rep. Jeff Flake.
When pushed to outline a reform plan that House Democrats could get behind, Rep. Crowley emphasized tighter border security and the targeting of "bad actor" employees who exploit undocumented immigrants. These get-tough measures are clearly designed to attract Republican support for a reform bill that would presumably create a path to legalization for those without papers.
President Reagan tried a similar "carrot and stick" plan in 1986, granting legal status to millions of undocumented along with cracking down on employers who hired unauthorized workers.
But there is little indication that present-day Republicans have an appetite for following Reagan's lead. Michael Steele, president of the Republican National Committee, has long blamed the 1986 immigration law for today's illegal immigration crisis.
More recently, in his own appearance on Univision's Al Punto program, Steele said he was sick of politicians exploiting the "hot politics" of immigration. He also advocated for immigrants to assimilate by working hard, eating apple pie and learning the Star Spangled Banner.
But he gave no specifics on what sort of an immigration reform plan Republicans might be willing to hammer out with Democrats.
Noorani, of the National Immigration Forum, believes immigration reform has a "very, very good opportunity to move early in 2010."
But until a substantive debate on immigration begins to build in Congress and nationwide, it will remain unclear whether the deadlock on immigration really is loosening.


Examples of Serious Crimes of Illegal Aliens

The information below is taken from news sources. The aliens in these reports were all identified as being in the country illegally, and many of them had come into the hands of law enforcement agencies prior to the crime that is described below, but the alien was not deported or in some cases was deported but reentered the country.
These cases are listed as a demonstration that better prevention of illegal immigration is a public safety issue even though these cases are not representative of the illegal alien population in general. These cases refer to crimes other than terrorism.
• October 2009 — Manuel Fajardo-Santos, a Honduran illegal alien pled guilty to the sexual assault of an 8-year-old girl in Wharton, New Jersey. (Star Ledger, October 20, 2009)
• October 2009 — Velislav Matzov, a Bulgarian immigrant [legal status not clear, but now deportable] was sentenced in St. Petersburg, Fla. to two life terms in prison for the shooting of a police detective while trying to escape following an armed robbery. (AP in Miami Herald, October 13, 2009)
• October 2009 — Gilberto R. Avarado, an illegal alien, was convicted of two counts of first-degree rape of a 10-year-old girl. He was sentenced in Franklin County, Alabama to two 22-year sentences. (Times Daily, October 6, 2009)
• October 2009 — Marvin Rogelio Martinez Jr, a Honduran illegal alien, pled guilty to two felonies: hit-and-run resulting in injury and reckless driving. He ran a stoplight in San Jose, California and hit an 8-year-old boy who remains wheelchair-bound 8 months after being hit. As a result of a plea agreement, Martinez was sentenced to 16 months in prison. (San Jose Mercury News, September 30, 2009)
• October 2009 — Josue Mata, a Honduran illegal alien confessed to the shooting death in 2007 in Chicago of Alejandro Calderon, a teen-aged amateur boxer with hopes of competing in the Olympics. Mata said he mistakenly thought Calderon was a rival gang-banger. (Chicago Sun Times, October 7, 2009)
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• September 2009 — Eleazar Rangel-Ochoa, an illegal alien, pled no contest to driving under suspension and motor vehicle homicide. He caused an accident that killed a 4-year old. He was driving without a license because it was suspended after three drunken-driving convictions prior to 2003, which did not lead to his being identified for deportation. He faces prison terms of five years for driving under suspension and one year for the homicide charge. (The Omaha World Herald, September 30, 2009)
• September 2009 — Edwin Chirinos, an illegal alien residing in Florida, was convicted of lewd and lascivious battery and for failure to register as a sex offender. He was convicted in 2006 of sexually assaulting a child but not turned over to immigration authorities. He was apprehended again and charged with the new offenses after being found driving without a valid license. (The Bradenton Herald, September 29, 2009)
• September 2009 — Bagada Dionas, a Liberian illegal alien, was sentenced to two life terms plus 170 years in prison for the shooting deaths of two persons. As a juvenile, Dionas was convicted of armed robberies, drug dealing and car theft. In 2005, he was first convicted as an adult for armed robbery and served a prison sentence. Maryland Prison authorities said they didn’t at the time check immigration status because it would be a burden. (The Baltimore Sun, September 23, 2009)
• September 2009 — Agustin Palma Trejo, a Mexican illegal alien, pled guilty to vehicular homicide in Clearwater, Fla. and was sentenced to six years in prison. (The Tampa Tribune, September 14, 2009)
• September 2009 — Saul Peralta, a Mexican illegal alien, pled guilty to one count of first-degree criminal sex act and accepted a sentence of seven years in state prison. He was charged with sexually molesting a three-year old girl in Westchester County, NY. (The Journal News, September 11, 2009)
• September 2009 — Rafael Diaz-Quintana, an illegal alien, was sentenced in Oregon to 30 months in prison for his seventh conviction for driving while intoxicated. (AP report on KTVB, September 1, 2009)
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• August 2009 — Two illegal aliens were convicted of capital murder and explosives charges in Las Vegas. Porfirio Duarte-Herrera, a Nicaraguan admitted to making the bomb that killed a man who was dating his ex-girl friend. He was aided by Omar Rueda-Denvers, a Guatemalan. Both were sentenced to life imprisonment without parole. (San Diego Union Tribune, August 28, 2009, New York Times, September 1, 2009)
• August 2009 — Daryush Omar, an Afghani (or Pakistani) illegal immigrant, pled guilty to vehicular manslaughter in Queens, New York for a drunk driving accident that killed two people. He was sentenced to 3-1/2 to 10-1/2 years in prison. He previously was charged with robbery and murder but an indictment had not been obtained. He was turned over to federal authorities for deportation, but because neither Pakistan nor Afghanistan had accepted his deportation, he had been released. (AP, August 19, 2009)
• August 2009 — Jose Garcia-Perlera, a Salvadoran illegal immigrant, was convicted of assault of four elderly women and the murder of one of them in Bethesda, Maryland. He was sentenced to life in prison without parole. (Washington Examiner, August 14, 2009)
• August 2007 — Alejandro Emeterio 'Alex' Rivera Gamboa and his cousin, Gilberto Javier 'Gabe' Arellano Gamboa, both Mexican illegal immigrants, were convicted in the attempted rape and murder of a 15-year-old girl in Clackamas County, Oregon. Rivera Gamboa was sentenced to life in prison, Arellano Gamboa was sentenced to 5 years and 10 months in prison. Rivera Gamboa had been arrested for drunken driving in November 2006 and pled guilty while also acknowledging he was not a U.S. citizen. Allegedly, he was released without anyone in the criminal justice system notifying immigration authorities. (The Oregonian, August 13, 2009).
• August 2009 — Milton Alberto Sanabria, a gang member in Georgia who was arrested for trespassing was determined to be an illegal immigrant. He had been arrested and convicted numerous times for theft and was released from two years in prison in May, but he had escaped detection as a deportable alien through use of false identification as a U.S. citizen. (Athens Banner-Herald, August 13, 2009)
• August 2009 — Gabriel Soto Garcia, an illegal immigrant, pled guilty to cocaine and cannabis trafficking and was sentenced in Orlando, Fla. to 10 years in prison for. (Orlando Sentinel, August 7, 2009)
• August 2009 — Marvin Rogelio Martinez, a Honduran illegal immigrant, pled guilty to hit-and-run driving and driving without a license when he hit a man and his 8-year old son that put them both in the hospital and left the boy in a coma for 2 months. Martinez, who was ordered to pay restitution, will spend no more than 2 years in prison under the plea agreement before being deported. (San Jose Mercury News, August 7, 2009)
• July 2009 — Denni Garza-Corado, a Mexican illegal immigrant, pled guilty to felony hit-and-run and driving under the influence in Harrisonburg, Virginia. He was sentenced to five years and 60 days with all but ten days suspended. (WHSV[TV].com, July 14, 2009).
• July 2009 — Jose Rosendo Algomeda-Santiago, a Mexican illegal immigrant, pled guilty to two counts of negligent vehicular homicide while drunken driving in Maryland. He was sentenced to three years imprisonment. (Baltimore Sun, July 14, 2009).
• July 2009 — Emma Tlacoxolal-Perez, a Mexican illegal immigrant, was sentenced in Newport News, Va. to 33 months imprisonment for running a prostitution network. She had been deported in 2006 and illegally reentered. (Associated Press, July 14, 2009).
• July 2009 — Raul Mendoza, an illegal alien, was sentenced in Denver to 10 years in prison for a sex-assault conviction against a 12-year-old girl. (The Denver Post, July 6, 2009)
• July 2009 — Alexander Ronquillo Rivera, a Honduran illegal alien, was found guilty in Baltimore County Circuit Court of attempted first- and second-degree murder. He was sentenced to life in prison. (The Daily Record, July 1, 2009)
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• June 2009 — Anastacio Sanchez-Miranda, an illegal alien, pled guilty to the shooting deaths of three persons in 2007 in Prince William County, Virginia. He had earlier arrested for a drunken driving offense and for malicious wounding but was not turned over to immigration authorities. (WTTG-5 Fox News, Dec. 10, 2007, Washington Post, June 26, 2009)
• June 2009 — Roberto Pedroza Carrillo, an illegal alien who was shot to death by police after he shot and killed an undercover police officer in Houston, had been previously apprehended by the Border Patrol and returned to Mexico. He had also been ticketed by Houston police at lease four times since 2002 following his return to the United States the most recent time for speeding. Three associates of Pedroza who fled the scene of the shooting were reported to be also illegal aliens. (Houston Chronicle, June 26, 2009)
• June 2009 — Martin Alvarez-Rodriquez, an illegal alien with two previous drug trafficking convictions in California, was sentenced to life in prison for drug trafficking conspiracy, drug possession (methamphetamines) and firearms charges in Nevada. (AP in Contra Costa Times, June 10, 2009)
• June 2009 — Jose Alvarado, a Salvadoran illegal alien, pled guilty to first-degree murder of an 83-year-old woman in Montgomery County, Maryland. His wife, Ana Rodas, also an illegal alien, pled guilty to being an accessory after the fact. A cousin, Ramon Alvarado, is in jail without bond pending his trial for the same crime. (Washington Post, June 4, 2009) Ramon Alvarado, who was paid to commit the crime by his cousin Jose, was convicted of murder, conspiracy to commit murder, and arson. (Washington Post, October 21, 2009)
• June 2009 — Jaime Lopez-Diaz, an illegal alien, was sentenced to 17 years in prison for homicide by intoxication (drunken driving fatality) in December in Wausau, Wisconsin. (The Wausau Daily Herald, June 2, 2009)
• May 2009 — Jose Barraza-Vidal, a Mexican illegal alien, was sentenced in Seattle to 20 years imprisonment for his role as a leader in a gang that distributed cocaine and methamphetamine. (Seattle Post-Intelligencer, May 26, 2009).
• May 2009 — Remigio Perez Roman, a Mexican illegal alien, was sentenced to 11 years in prison in Arizona on a drug-related charge. Perez had been deported several times previously for other criminal convictions. (East Valley Tribune, May 7, 2009)
• May 2009 — Marcos Garcia Jeronimo, a Mexican illegal alien, pled guilty April 8 to gross vehicular manslaughter and hit-and-run in San Diego. (San Diego Union-Tribune, May 6, 2009)
• May 2009 — Hector Mauricio Hernandez, a Salvadoran illegal alien, pled guilty to the fatal shooting of an honors student at Montgomery Blair HS in the suburbs of Washington DC. Hernandez, reportedly a gang member, had been detained earlier by county police for possession of a knife, but was released without checking on his immigration status. He was sentenced in October to 50 years in prison. (Washington Post and other news sources, May 1, 2009)
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• April 2009 — Jeremias Chagala-Mil, a Mexican illegal alien, was convicted of rape of a minor in Virginia and sentenced to 30 years in prison, suspending all but six years as part of a plea agreement. (Daily Progress, April 29, 2009)
• April 2009 — Juan Jose Magallanes-Torres, a Mexican illegal alien, pled guilty to a felony count of illegal re-entry and assault for the beating of two FBI agents who were on stakeout at the railroad yard in Sunland Park, New Mexico near the U.S.-Mexican border. (Houston Chronicle, April 22, 2009)
• April 2009 — Julian Vasquez, a Mexican illegal alien, was convicted of indecency with a child for breaking into a home and sexually assaulting an underage girl in Texas. He was sentenced to 15 years in prison. (Avalanche-Journal. April 18, 2009)
• April 2009 — Erick Turcios-Lazo, a Salvadoran illegal alien and local MS-13 gang leader, was sentenced in Alexandria, Virginia to 10 years in prison for plotting the murder of a young woman thought to be cooperating with the police. (Washington Post, April 9, 2009)
• April 2009 — Jorge Flores-Rojas, an illegal immigrant from Mexico, was sentenced to 24 years in prison for trafficking two teen girls to North Carolina to perform sex acts. He repeatedly sexually and physically abused the girls. (USA Today, April 7, 2009)
• April 2009 — Albin Adalin Zelaya-Zelaya, a Hounduran illegal alien and reputed MS-13 gang member, was sentenced to life in prison in Houston for a burglary conviction. The trial also involved testimony about his murder of two persons in Honduras and assault charges and a shootout with the police in this country. (Houston Chronicle, April 6, 2009)
• April 2009 — Maurilio Castillo Vega, an illegal alien, received a 61-month sentence for bilking the state of $8 million in unpaid taxes. The Beaverton, Oregon man had several drywall companies and undercut competition by paying employees under the table. (The Oregonian, April 6, 2009)
• April 2009 — Raul Ramos-Guido, a Honduran illegal alien, was sentenced to 18 months in jail for assaulting a Lanham, Maryland woman in a mall, stealing her purse and threatening to harm her. (The Capitol, April 3, 2009)
• March 2009 — David Douglas, an illegal alien, was apprehended in Vermont snowshoeing into the country from Canada and sentenced to 3 years in prison. He was deported in 2004 after a conviction of marijuana conspiracy. (WCAX News, March 23, 2009)
• March 2009 — Ludalino Aguiar Moniz, an illegal alien, was arrested for providing false information to the police in Freetown, Massachusetts. They subsequently found he had been previously deported and had an extensive criminal history, including crimes of violence, and was wanted on a pair of warrants, one for a charge of breaking and entering and the other for a charge of larceny. (The Herald News, March 24, 2009)
• March 2009 — Manuel Cazares, an illegal alien, turned himself in to police in Hannibal Missouri and admitted murdering two people, one of whom was the mother of his child who had an outstanding restraining order against him. Cazares had been detained by the police and in the court system several times previously without his illegal presence in the United States being discovered. (AP), March 20, 2009
• March 2009 — Guadalupe Nieto Vazquez, an illegal alien, was charged with his sixth drunken driving offense in Pennsylvania after having been convicted on five previous charges. He failed to appear for a bail hearing. (Lehigh Valley Live), March 19, 2009
• March 2009—Israel Rojas-Rodriguez, an illegal alien, pled guilty to murder and drug trafficking in Farmington, NM. He was sentenced to 15 years in prison (Daily Times, March 10, 2009)
• March 2009—Wilfido Joel Alfaro, a Salvadoran illegal alien, was killed in a shootout with Houston police, one of whom was critically wounded. Alfaro had been previously convicted of criminal activity but had been allowed to voluntarily return to El Salvador in 2001. He reentered illegally and was again arrested for possession or delivery of drugs, in 2002 and 2003 but the immigration authorities say they had no record of being contacted about him after 2001.
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• February 2009—Ernesto Reyes, a Mexican illegal alien, was convicted Friday of capital murder and received a life sentence for the murder of a University of North Texas sophomore. He was extradited from Mexico, where he fled, in exchange for agreement to waive the death penalty. (AP News in Washington Post, February 27, 2009)
• February 2009—Juan Salmeron Ozuna, a teenaged Mexican illegal alien and Sureno gang member residing in Omaha, Neb. was sentenced to one year in prison. He had been previously deported and threatened to kill an immigration official after he returned to Omaha. (KETV News, February 24, 2009)
• February 2009—Marcos Ceaca-Jimenez, a Mexican illegal alien residing in Wisconsin was sentenced to three years in prison for possession of a firearm while residing illegally in the United States. Ceaca was a member of the South Side Locos street gang and was arrested when on his way to shoot a former member who had left the gang. (The Capital Times, February 7, 2009)
• February 2009—Santos Rivera, a Salvadoran illegal alien residing in Texas was convicted of sexual assault for raping a 23-month old baby and was sentenced to life in prison. He had been ordered deported in 2005 but remained illegally. In 2006, he was charged with assault, but not prosecuted. (The Dallas Morning News, February 6, 2009)
• February 2009—Christian Lopez Herrera, a Mexican illegal alien, was sentenced to a year in Los Angeles County jail and five years probation after pleading no contest to having killed an elderly couple and seriously wounding another in a hit-and-run accident in 1992. Lopez fled to Mexico after the accident but returned illegally to the United States reportedly in 2003. Police received a tip on his whereabouts after a local paper ran a story on the unsolved case. (Los Angeles Times, February 4, 2009)
• February 2009—Three Brazilians, Joister Pacheco Ataide, Epaminondas Jose Soares, and Wesli Camargo pled guilty in Connecticut to counterfeiting and passing counterfeit $100 bills. Pacheco faces 20 years in jail and a fine of $250,000. All three face eventual deportation. (AP story in Hartford Courant, February 3, 2009)
• January 2009—Benjamin Martinez-Gonzalez, an illegal alien who had been living in the Chicago area for about 7 years, pled guilty to drunk driving and causing a crash that killed the driver of the other vehicle. He was sentenced to 9 years in prison. (Chicago Breaking News, January 13, 2009).
• January 2009—Juan Santiago Toledo, an illegal alien, pled guilty to first-degree manslaughter for repeatedly stabbing a woman in Poughkeepsie New York in July 2007. Under a plea agreement he will be sentenced to 20 years in prison. (AP story on RNN-TV, January 29, 2009).
• January 2009—Alejandrino Lara-Silva, a Mexican illegal alien, pled guilty to 12 felony counts for crimes occurring in homes in Willcox, Pearce and Elfrida, Arizona in December 2007 when he and three others commited crimes of breaking and entry, assault and theft. Under a plea agreement he will be sentenced to 15 to 20 years in prison. Two others, Yerco Vedobch-Arrvayo and Natalio Valenzuela-Valdez have been convicted and are awaiting sentencing. Alberto Jimenez-Garcia, who was involved in only one of the break-ins has been sentenced to 3.5 years in prison. (Herald Review/Arizona Range News, January 28, 2009).
• January 2009—Milena Henao, an illegal alien who killed a pedestrian and then fled the scene in Boston pled guilty to vehicular homicide and was sentenced to two, one-year consecutive sentences. (WCVB News, January 27, 2009).
• January 2009—Abel Gonzalez-Perez, a teenaged illegal alien who killed a pedestrian and then fled the scene in Athens, Georgia pled guilty to first-degree vehicular homicide and Driving Under the Influence and accepted a recommended sentence to as many as 8 years in prison. (Athens Banner Herald, January 26, 2009).
• January 2009—Eulalio Haro, a Mexican illegal alien who had been deported three times since 1955, was convicted in Chicago of reckless homicide, drunk driving and other charges for a hit-and-run crash that killed a motorcyclist in 2006. ( Tribune, January 23, 2009).
• January 2009—Benjamin Martinez-Gonzalez, an illegal alien who had been living in the Chicago area for about 7 years, pled guilty to drunk driving and causing a crash that killed the driver of the other vehicle. He was sentenced to 9 years in prison. (Chicago Breaking News, January 13, 2009).
• January 2009—Rony Izaguirre-Henriquez, a Salvadoran illegal alien member of the Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) gang in the Maryland suburbs of Washington DC, was sentenced to 30 years in prison for stabbing to death another Latino teenager. In December, his brother Walter Izaguirre-Henriquez pled guilty to being an accessory to the crime and was sentenced to 5 years in prison. (The Washington Post, January 14, 2009).
• January 2009—Mateo Ortiz, an illegal alien, was sentenced to 5 years in prison for drunk driving, injuring a pedestrian and leaving the scene of the accident in Chicago. Ortiz, who used a number of aliases, was found to have 4 other DUI warrants at the time of his arrest. (The Chicago Tribune, January 8, 2009).
• January 2009—Adan Betanicio Guerrero, an illegal alien, pled guilty in Phoenix to identity theft and fraud. He had taken out more than $787,000 in loans using a stolen Social Security number. (KPHO-TV Phoenix, January 8, 2009).
• January 2009—Francisco Martinez, a Mexican illegal alien, pled guilty to three counts of second-degree murder and two counts of felony injury by vehicle in North Carolina. As a result of a plea agreement, he was sentenced to 13 years in prison. Driving while intoxicated, he entered a divided highway going the wrong direction and collided with a car in which three brothers, also Mexicans, were killed. ([Raleigh] News Observer, January 6, 2009).
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• December 2008—Carlos Ceron Salazar, an illegal alien from Mexico, who was detained for public drunkenness in San Diego County, has been identified by immigration authorities as having been deported multiple times and, by DNA evidence, as responsible for an attempted rape of a jogger in December 2006. (MSNBC News, December 31, 2008).
• December 2008—Rodrigo Delacruz-Encarnacion, an illegal alien from Mexico, charged with hit and run driving while intoxicated, pled guilty to negligent homicide in the death of a motorcyclist he crashed into in Grand Haven, Michigan. He faces incarceration for two years. (Grand Haven Tribune, December 30, 2008).
• December 2008—An unidentified (because he is a minor) illegal alien, was convicted of killing a man (who happened to be a legal immigrant) in Sacramento while speeding and driving drunk and fleeing the scene of the crime. (The Sacramento Bee, December 27, 2008).
• December 2008—Four illegal aliens who had previously been deported were apprehended by the Border Patrol on December 23 in the Yuma, Arizona area. The four had been previously arrested a combined total of 40 times. One had been deported 4 times and had 3 narcotics convictions. Another, who had been deported twice, had prior convictions for possession of a controlled substance, corporal injury to a spouse, obstructing a peace officer, driving under the influence and possession of a dangerous weapon. A third, who had been deported once before, had prior convictions for attempted robbery, carrying a concealed firearm, driving under the influence and possession of narcotics for sale. The fourth had been previously deported following imprisonment for attempted possession of dangerous drugs for sale. (Yuma Sun, December 24, 2008).
• December 2008—Baltazar Marquez, an illegal alien, crashed into and killed a woman in Witchita, Kansas while driving drunk. He had been detained in September for four misdemeanors including driving without a license and insurance but released because local policy requires notification of ICE only in felony cases or ones that represent a severe threat to the community. (Witchita's KSN-TV website, December 19, 2008).
• December 2008—Elvin and Rony Martinez, illegal alien brothers from Honduras, pled guilty to executing two people during the robbery of a brothel in North Carolina. Both were sentenced to 38 to 49 years in state prison. (The News & Observer, December 18, 2008).
• December 2008—Marcos Velasquez-Morales, an illegal alien from Mexico, pled guilty to raping a 9-year-old girl. He was sentenced in Alabama to 18 years in prison. According to immigration authorities, he had been deported in 2003. (Dotham Eagle, December 16, 2008).
• December 2008—Santiago Hernandez, an illegal alien from El Salvador, was sentenced in Colorado to six years in prison for a drunk driving accident that caused a death. (Aspen Daily News, December 15, 2008).
• December 2008—Carmen Alejandro Garcia-Hernandez, a Mexican illegal alien, pled guilty to two counts of aggravated involuntary manslaughter and was sentenced to 10 years of imprisonment as a result of the deaths of two people caused by his driving while intoxicated. Following the crash that killed the two people and wounded others, Garcia-Hernandez attempted to flee the scene, but was subdued. (NBC 12 News, Richmond, December 9, 2008).
• December 2008—Yin Hoo Yap, an illegal alien from Malaysia and Kou Chwung Liu, a Chinese illegal alien, were sentenced to 27 months and one year, respectively in the state of Washington, for "conspiracy to transport individuals in furtherance of prostitution." (The Newcastle News, December 9, 2008)
• December 2008—Manuel Antonio Barahona, an illegal alien from El Salvador and a member of MS-13 gang, pled guilty to a knifing murder during a robbery in June. He was arrested for an unrelated drug offense also in June. (The Gazette, December 3, 2008).
• December 2008—Santiago Hernandez, an illegal alien from El Salvador, was sentenced in Colorado to six years in prison for a drunk driving accident that caused a death. (Aspen Daily News, December 15, 2008).
• October 2008—Ignacio Gomez-Gutierrez, an illegal alien, pled guilty to felony murder for the DUI death of a mother and her pregnant daughter. He was arrested after fleeing the scene of the accident. In 2005, when Gomez was arrested for running a stop sign and failed a breathalyzer test, he was allowed to plead guilty to a misdemeanor offense and was jailed for one year. He also served time for two previous DWI convictions but apparently was never deported. (Houston Chronicle, October 21, 2008).
• October 2008—Eleazar Perez-Delgado, an illegal alien, was sentenced to five years in prison for a hit-and-run accident that killed a pedestrian in Tulsa in September, 2007. (Associated Press, October 8, 2008).
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• September 2008—Francis Hernandez, an illegal alien from Guatemala, is imprisoned in Colorado for having caused an accident that killed three people, including a 3-year old. An investigation revealed that he was driving without a license, had 29 warrants for failure to appear at court hearings, and was fraudulently claiming to be a U.S. citizen. (Rocky Mountain News, January 13, 2009).
• September 2008—Alejandro Aleman, an illegal alien from Mexico, was sentenced to six to 23 months in prison in Pennsylvania for hit and run driving that injured a woman. He apparently fled to Mexico following the accident and was apprehended reentering the United States illegally. He pled guilty to the charges and will be deported upon his release. (Daily Record/Sunday News, September 29, 2008).
• September 2008—Alejandro Rivera Gamboa, an illegal alien, pled guilt to murder and aggravated abuse of a corpse for the murder of a 15-year-old girl by stepping on her throat until she stopped breathing. Months earlier Rivera had pleaded guilty to drunk driving and admitted he was in the country illegally. (KGW News, Portland, Oregon, September 17, 2008).
• September 2008—Roberto Hernandez-Hernandez, an illegal alien from Mexico, pled guilt to raping a woman who was asleep in Bellingham, WA. (Bellingham Herald, September 16, 2008).
• September 2008—Martin Cana-Chocoj, an illegal alien, pled guilt to rape in Fairview, NJ. (The Record, September 16, 2008).
• September 2008—Victor Navarro, arrested in April for a crime committed in 2002 was convicted of rape and sodomy and sentenced to eight years in prison after which he will be deported to Mexico. (North County Times, Escondido, CA, September 4, 2008).
• August 2008—Salomon Renterio Valdez, an illegal national of Mexico, was sentenced to four years in federal prison for unlawful re-entry of aggravated felon in Montrose, Colorado in August. Renterio-Valdez had been deported previously in 1996 for convictions of alien smuggling, molesting children, robbery, and drug trafficking. (ICE, August 25, 2008)
• August 2008—Luciano Tellez, an illegal immigrant, was sentenced to 32-40 years in prison for felony homicide in Smithfield, North Carolina. In March, Tellez, while driving under influence, ran a stop sign killing a father and son. He fled the scene of the accident. At the time of his arrest, Tellez was wanted for violation of his parole on a drunken drive conviction in 2005 and he has a suspended license. After serving his sentence, Tellez will be deported (WRAL, August 22, 2008).
• August 2008—Victor Manuel Perez-Monroy, an illegal resident from Mexico, was sentenced to five years in federal prison for unlawful re-entry after a prior deportation. Perez-Monroy has an extensive criminal history in Arizona, including three convictions for burglary. (ICE, August 08, 2008)
• June 2008—Richard Diaz-Garcia, an illegal immigrant from the Dominican Republic, was sentenced to nine months in prison in Wilmington, Deleware for shoplifting and afterwards will be turned over to immigration authorities. This will be the fifth time that Diaz has been deported. In 1999, he was convicted of drug related charges in the state and was deported. He was sent back again in 2002, 2004, and 2006. (Delaware Online, June 30, 2008)
• June 2008—Miguel Montez-Flores, a Mexican national residing in Silver Spring, Maryland, was sentenced to seven years of prison for illegal reentering the country after being deported. In 1997, Montez was twice convicted of drug charges and deported. Since then, he has illegally reentered the United States and convicted three times of DUI and various other motor vehicle and assault charges using an alias. Flores will be deported after serving his seven years. (Baltimore Examiner, June 27, 2008)
• June 2008—Martin Santos, an illegal immigrant from Mexico, pled guilty to rape of twelve year old in Washington County Criminal Court in Tennessee. He was sentenced to eighteen years in prison and faces deportation afterwards. (Tri-City News, June 26, 2008)
• June 2008—Gustavo Granados, an illegal immigrant from Mexico, pled guilty in Rhode Island to illegally reentering the United States after being deported in March. In 1992, Granados was convicted of second-degree child abuse in Rhode Island and twice deported. Granados was sentenced to forty-six months in prison and will be deported following the sentence. (Providence, Rhode Island, June 21, 2008)
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• May 2008—Jose Lachira Carranza, an illegal immigrant from Peru, was sentenced to eight years in prison for assaulting two men during a bar fight in West Orange 2006. This is not Carranaza’s first foray into crime. Currently, he is indicted on charges of sexual assault on a minor, as well as a prime suspect in the triple slayings in Newark. (New York Times, May 13, 2008)
• May 2008—Ignacio Merendon-Zerega,an illegal immigrant from Mexico, was sentenced to fifteen years in prison for felony homicide in Oregon. In December, Merendon, while driving under the influence, crashed his car, killing one person. According to court records, Merendon had six previous drunk driving convictions, a hit and run conviction, repeated license suspensions and revocations, and a previous deportation to Mexico. ( News-Register, May 06, 2008).
• April 2008—Francisco Ruben Morales Ramos, an illegal Mexican national, pled guilty to second degree murder and armed criminal action in St. Joseph, Missouri. Last February, Ramos stabbed his roommate with a kitchen knife in their apartment. Ramos was sentenced to life plus twenty years. (St. Joseph News Press, April 30, 2008)
• April 2008—Anunciacion Santos Turcios, an illegal immigrant from El Salvador, pled guilty to second degree murder in Newport News, Virginia. After an altercation with his roommate, he killed him with a pick ax. He faces charges up to forty years for the crime. (Newport News, April 07, 2008)
• April 2008—Miguel Paz-Calderon, a nineteen year old illegal immigrant, pled guilty to hit and run in San Rafael, California. In February, Paz backed his van from a garage into a passerby, pinning her between his bumper and a pillar. He fled the scene but was detained by residents until police could arrive. He was sentenced to six months in jail and could face deportation. (Martin Independent Journal, April 02, 2008).
• March 2008—Eddie Carbajal-Lile, an illegal immigrant from Mexico, pled guilty to felony homicide in Lima, Wisconsin. Last summer while driving under the influence, Carbajal-Lile struck a car with three teenage passengers, killing one person. After the wreck, he fled the scene and was apprehended two weeks late in Ohio. Prosecutors have recommended a sentence of ten years (Sheybogan Press, March 25, 2008)
• March 2008—In Redding Pennsylvania, Jose Salvador Alcantar-Ruiz, twice deported illegal alien from Mexico, pled guilty to false impersonation, vehicular manslaughter without gross negligence, and obstructing an officer. In March, Alcantar-Ruiz unintentionally ran over a three year old child. When questioned, he gave police offers someone elses drivers license. He was sentenced to sixteen months in prison and will face deportation. (The Associated Press, March 21, 2008)
• March 2008—Diego Pillico, illegal immigrant from Ecuador, pled guilty to first degree manslaughter in New York City. Caught trying to steal money from a client’s purse, Pillico murdered her and attempted to disguise it as a suicide. In exchange for his plea, Pillico was sentenced to twenty-five years in prison (WCAX TV, March 13, 2008).
• February 2008—Richard Toledo, an illegal immigrant from Mexico, pled guilty to two counts of murder and one count of kidnapping in Stafford, New Jersey. On January of 2006, Toledo murdered two young brothers and kidnapped their mother by knifepoint. He faces up to thirty years and life in prison for the murders, and an additional thirty years for the kidnapping. (Asbury and Park Press, February 9, 2008).
• February 2008—Howard County Circuit Judge Lenore R. Gelfman rejected Eduardo Raul Morales-Soriano's plea agreement. While driving under the influence, Morales-Soriano, an illegal alien form Mexico, crashed into a car resulting in resulting in the deaths of a marine corporal and his date on Thanksgiving. In September, he pled guilty to vehicular manslaughter in exchange for an eight year sentence offered by prosecutors. If he goes to trial and is convicted all offenses, he could face up to twenty years in prison (Baltimore Sun, February 4, 2008)
• February 2008—Noe Garcia Moncada, an illegal alien, pled guilty to striking and fleeing the site of an accident in North Bend, Oregon. In October, Moncadaa struck and killed a Springfield couple as they walked to their hotel. After the crash, he hid his truck and attempted to flee to his native Mexico. The judge sentenced him to six years in prison, the maximum, for his crime. (The World, February 2, 2008)
• January 2008—Selvin Hernandez-Flores, previously deported illegal immigrant from Honduras, pled guilty to public intoxication and possession of marijuana in Cedar Springs, Iowa. The judge sentenced to fifteen months in federal prison. Hernandez-Flores had been arrested thirty five times, but thwarted law enforcement officials with his use of at least eighteen names and birth dates. (WCF Courier, January 24th, 2008)
• January 2008—Federico Balbuena, Mexican illegal immigrant, pled guilty to luring teenage girl to his home in Easton, Pennsylvania. He was sentenced to serve 7-14months, and federal authorities placed a detainment on his record meaning he will likely be deported after the sentence. (The Morning Call, January 19th, 2008)
• January 2008—Milton Estrada, an illegal immigrant from Mexico, pled guilty to inappropriately touching the sixteen year old daughters of his ex-girlfriend in Long Beach, New Jersey. He was sentenced to five years in prison, and federal authorities placed a detainment on his record, meaning he will likely be deported after his sentence. (APP, January 18, 2008)
• January 2008—Juan Us Ralios (also known as Minguel A. Marcano), an illegal immigrant from Guatemala, pled guilty to driving under the influence, no driver’s license, and falsification and obstruction of official business in Strasburg, Pennsylvania. Us Ralios was involved in a traffic accident in June that left a Dover man dead, and prior to that crashed into a tree while driving under the influence, where he used the other name (Times Reporter, January 4th)
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• December 2007—Jonathan Naravez-Pena., an illegal immigrant, pled guilty to the charge vehicular manslaughter in Nashville, Tennessee. In October, while driving under the influence, Pena crashed into a car killing a young man and his son. In exchange for his plea, prosecutors recommend a prison time of sixteen years (News Channel 5, December 18, 2007).
• December 2007—Rafael Avelino Gines, an illegal immigrant, was sentenced to sixteen months in prison for a felony hit and run occurring on November 28th. After serving his sentence he faces deportation charges. (KATU, December 17, 2007)
• December 2007—Jose Santa Portillo-Chicas, a Salvadorian illegal immigrant, pled guilty to capital murder in Stafford, Virginia. In exchange for his plea, Portillo-Chicas, a MS-13 gang member, was sentenced to life in prison (Media General News Service, December 13, 2007)
• December 2007—Rodolfo Ramirez, a Latin American illegal immigrant, confessed to a hit and run in Laurel Maryland occurring on November 25th. Ramirez, who had been living illegally for the past nine years, faces charges of manslaughter and lying to the police. (NBC-4, December 13, 2007)
• December 2007—Andres Hernandez Cabrera, an illegal immigrant, pled guilty to custodial interference and was sentenced to eleven months and twenty nine days. Cabrera was accused of kidnapping a baby and injuring two people in a crash on November 28th in Chattanooga Tennessee. Immigration Customs and Enforcement placed him on detainment, meaning he will likely be deported after the sentence. (News Channel 9, Chattanooga, Tenn., December 5, 2007)
• December 2007—Eddy W. Perez-Escobar, age twenty-seven, pled guilty to first-degree statutory sodomy, stemming from a child molestation case in Carthage, Missouri on July 26, 2006. In exchange for his plea, Escobar was sentenced to five years in prison, and was released to Immigration Customs and Enforcement for deportation proceedings. (The Joplin Globe, December 03)
• November 2007—Pedro Santos, an illegal immigrant from Mexico, pled guilty to the charges of vehicular manslaughter in Clayton, Missouri. In April, Santos, while driving under the influence, crashed into a car killing a young woman. (Belleville News-Democrat, November 27, 2007)
• November 2007—Alfred Ramos, an illegal immigrant, was sentenced to twenty four years in prison in Virginia Beach. On March 30, Ramos, while driving under the influence, crashed into a car, killing two teenagers. (Newport News Daily Press, November 20, 2007)
• November 2007— Jesus Mora Nava, an illegal immigrant from Mexico, pled guilty to molestation of a minor in Poway, California. (San Diego Union-Tribune, November 16, 2007).
• November 2007—Avenamar Perez, an illegal Mexican national, pled guilty to hit and run accident occurring on November 11th, when he crashed into a Memphis motorcycle policeman. (ABC News Channel 24 Memphis, November 16, 2007)
• November 2007—Oscar Lopez, twenty four, pled guilty to child endangering charges, stemming from a child sexual assault case in Bridgeton, New Jersey of August 31, 2006. In exchange for his plea, Lopez received three years in prison. Immigration Customs and Enforcement placed a detainment on the Mexican native, meaning he will likely be deported after the sentence. (The Press of Atlantic City, November 14, 2007)
• November 2007—Jose De Jesus Euzondo Balderas, nineteen year old illegal immigrant from Mexico, was convicted of felony death in Greensboro, North Carolina and sentenced to five years. Under the influence of cocaine and alcohol, he crashed into a parked car in September resulting in the death of two persons. (Greensboro, N.C. News-Record, November 14, 2007)
• November 2007—Jose Cruz-Garcia, a thirty two year old Mexican, was arrested in Nogales, Arizona in a drug seizure. A fingerprint scan and records check revealed that Cruz-Garcia was convicted in 1998 of raping a child in Washington. (Arizona Daily Star, November 2, 2007)
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• October 2007—Elbin Fabiel Ocampo-Cruz, a twenty-two year old illegal alien from Honduras, faces criminal charges, stemming from a wreck on Interstate 540 on October 25th. According to court records, Mr. Ocampo-Cruz, who earlier had been ordered deported, was on probation for several offenses at the time of the wreck. (WRAL, October 31, 2007)
• October 2007—Carlos De La Cruz Ramos, an illegal immigrant from Mexico, was sentenced for one year in Chesapeake for sex with a minor. (The Virginian-Pilot, October 30, 2007)
• October 2007—Adan Pineda-Doval, age twenty one of Michoacan, Mexico, was found guilty in federal court in Phoenix of 10 counts of transportation of illegal aliens resulting in death, one count of transportation of illegal aliens placing lives in jeopardy. (Yuma Sun, October 26, 2006)
• October 2007— Jose Abel Cobrea Somosa, a thirty-five year old illegal immigrant from El Salvador, was charged with attempted first degree murder of a police officer in Phoenix. (Arizona Republic, October 24, 2007) He was sentenced to 34 years in prison in 2009. (Arizona Republic, March 27, 2009)
• October 2007—Wilson Gilberto Alba-Cano, a twenty-seven year old illegal immigrant, was arrested on Sunday in a drunk-driving fatal hit and run case, which killed a 5-year old and seriously injured three others, in Phoenix Arizona. (KHPO, October 21, 2007).
• October 2007—Eladio Reza-Reza, an illegal alien, was arrested on charges of sexual misconduct with a minor and burglary in Phoenix on October 12th. He is also a suspect in a string of rapes in the Chandler area. (KTAR, October 19, 2007)
• October 2007—Antonio M. Borja, a Salvadoran illegal alien, was arrested for murder in Georgetown, South Carolina. (WCIV, October 18th, 2007)
• October 2007—Altin Shabi, a twenty-seven year old Albanian illegal immigrant, was charged with criminal sexual assault and home invasion in Detroit. (Detroit News, October 15)
• September 2007—In Northwest Arkansas, 41 illegal aliens with gang ties to the Mexican Mafia, Sureno 13, Latin Kings and Mara Salvatrucha were apprehended for serious crimes. Some of the gang members had been previously deported, and some of those arrested were also charged with violating parole or probation . (Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, September 19, 2007)
• September 2007—Erik Jovani Martinez, an illegal alien deported in March 2006 after a prison term for a theft felony conviction, shot to death a Phoenix police officer September 18. Martinez was arrested in May 2006 after he sneaked back into the country, but the Scotsdale police apparently did not check his immigration status . (Arizona Republic, September 20, 2007)
• September 2007—Christian Molina, an alien deported in 2003 and 2005 (after a conviction for aggravated robbery in 2004, strangled to death another man in a drunken brawl in the Washington, DC suburbs . (Washington Post, September 7, 2007)
• September 2007—Porfirio Ramirez-Baca an illegal alien who was deported in 1997 was arrested for assaulting two teenagers in the Washington, DC suburb of Woodbridge. (Washington Post, September 7, 2007)
• August 2007—Mauro Cisneros, a Mexican illegal alien, who had been deported in March 2003, was arrested in Sheboygan, Wisconsin for endangering children. He was identified as a member of the California-based Sureno 13 gang with a record that includes an arrest in Nevada for kidnapping, in California for burglary and in Texas for robbery twice charged with felony drug offenses and convicted and sentenced to prison in cases filed in 1999 and 2002. (The Sheboygan Press, August 22, 2007)
• August 2007—Eddie Carbajal-Lile, a 27-year-old Mexican illegal alien, is being sought for the drunken driving death of a teenager in Wisconsin . (The Sheboygan Press, August 22, 2007)
• August 2007—Juan Felix Salinas, a Mexican illegal immigrant, was charged with intoxicated manslaughter for the deaths of a family of three in Houston, Texas. He had been previously arrested twice earlier in the year for assault and public intoxication, and in March had been arrested for domestic violence, but was released by posting a 'non-arrest' bond. (Houston Chronicle, August 21, 2007)
• August 2007—Israel Rivera Balderas, a 20-year-old Mexican illegal immigrant, is being sought for the gang-related shooting death of a teenager in Vallejo, California. Rivera pled in June 2005 no contest to felony second-degree robbery and received probation. In January 2006, his probation was revoked after he was charged as being a felon in possession of a firearm and carrying a concealed weapon, and he was deported to Mexico. (Times-Herald, August 18, 2007)
• August 2007—Jose Lachira Carranza, an illegal immigrant from Peru, was charged with the execution-style murder of three youth and the wounding of a fourth in New Jersey. He could have been turned over to federal immigration authorities after he was earlier arrested three times on criminal charges (one charge of aggravated assault and two of sexual assault). He was released on bail at the time of the murders. Five others, including two Nicaraguans, have also been arrested for the murders. (The New York Times, August 19, 2007)
• August 2007—Manuel De Jesus Gonzalez-Geronimo, a Guatemalan illegal alien, surrendered a day after killing two construction workers and seriously injuring two others in a hit-and-run accident in Montgomery County, Maryland. He told police he ran because he “was scared and didn’t have a license. (Washington Post, August 15, 2007)
• August 2007—Alejandro Bautista, who admitted to entering the United States illegally from Mexico, was sentenced to 6 year in prison for criminal sexual assault and aggravated criminal sexual abuse against two teenage brothers. (Chicago Tribune, August 14, 2007)
• August 2007—Jose Carranza, a Peruvian illegal alien, was charged with the execution-style shooting of four teenagers, three of whom were killed. Carranza had been indicted twice earlier in the year for sexual assault on a child and for a bar fight. He was free on bond, and immigration authorities had not been contacted in his case. Another suspect in the shootings, Rodolfo Godinez, reportedly obtained legal U.S. residence in 2001 despite a lengthy arrest record. (AP news in Washington Times, August 14, 2007)
• August 2007—Alejandro Rivera Gamboa and Gilberto Arellano Gamboa, Mexican illegal immigrants, were charged with killing a teenage girl from Texas visiting in Oregon. Rivera Gamboa, who was in possession of an Oregon state ID, card had been arrested four times in Oregon since 2000 for drunken driving. Immigration authorities said they had never been contacted by Oregon authorities. (Associated Press Texas News, August 10, 2007)
• August 2007—Rocca Mejia Cinto, a 19-year old Mexican illegal immigrant was apprehended in Pennsylvania after fleeing from New York City where he is accused of “a senseless act of violence” in the unprovoked stabbing death of a 44-year old father of two. Authorities speculated that Mejia Cinto’s action was provoked by his involvement in gang warfare. (Standard Speaker, Penn., August 9, 2007)
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• July 2007—Nilssen Torres Paredes, an Ecuadorian illegal immigrant, pleaded guilty in New York to manslaughter for the drunken driving accident that killed two people when he struck a car while speeding and driving the wrong way. He had illegally reentered the United States after being deported in 1997 after a conviction on weapons charges. (Newsday, July 31, 2007)
• July 2007—David Raigoza Franco, a 34-year-old illegal immigrant, was charged with criminally negligent homicide and drunk driving for an accident that killed his 8-year old daughter. He was using false identification, but was identified through his fingerprints to have a criminal record and outstanding warrants for arrest including for probation violation . ( 7/24/07 and KRTV News, July 25, 2007)
• July 2007—Gilberto Cruz, an illegal alien, was convicted of first-degree murder for the shotgun slaying of his former girlfriend in Colorado. He commented at his trial (as translated), “If I knew how to use the shotgun, she wouldn’t have died in the street, she would have been dead in the house.”
• July 2007—A 24-year old Mexican man was arrested in Arizona for entering the country illegally. He had been convicted in 2006 of child molestation in Florida and deported earlier this year.
• July 2007—Marcelo Mota, a Brazilian illegal immigrant, was arrested in New Jersey on charges of serial rape and sexual assault in cases in the Boston and New York City areas dating back to at least 2003 to which he has confessed. He arrived in 2001 on a visitor’s visa and stayed illegally. (The Boston Globe, July 17, 2007)
• July 2007—Jose Valenzuela, a Mexican, was arrested in Ohio for having returned following his deportation for having been convicted in 1998 of “gross sexual imposition involving a juvenile girl. (The Dayton Daily News, July 11, 2007)
• July 2007—Ezeiquiel Lopez, a Mexican illegal alien, shot and killed a Kenosha County Deputy Sheriff. He had been jailed for violent crimes twice before but not deported. (The Bloomberg News July 6, 2007)
• June 2007—Jesus Bernal, an illegal immigrant with two previous DUI convictions, was sentenced in Cincinnati to fifty-five years for vehicular manslaughter of three persons and serious injury to two others in June. (Cincinnati TV station WLWT, website consulted November 5, 2007)
• June 2007—Ricardo Contreras, an illegal alien crashed into two cars on I-40 in North Carolina while driving drunk. He had been deported twice before in 2004. (The NBC News Raleigh, June 6, 2007)
• June 2007—Michael Caldera Delatorre, an illegal immigrant who had been deported twice in the past three years, caused a highway crash in North Carolina that killed one and injured another driver. Caldera was drunk, had a fake ID, and was driving a stolen vehicle. (WRAL News, June 5, 2007)
• April 2007—Juan Crisantos-Ramos, a forty-six year old Mexican citizen, was arrested in Nogales, Arizona after reentering the county illegally. Crisantos-Ramos was convicted of second degree murder and burglary in New Jersey, and was deported in April after serving his sentence. (Arizona Daily Star, November 2, 2007)
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• November 2006—Diego Pillco, an illegal alien construction worker, killed actress Adrienne Shelly, the mother of a toddler, in New York and tried to make it look like a suicide. (The New York Daily News, November 7, 2006)
• November 2006—Pastor Rios Sanchez, a Mexican illegal alien, was charged with the drunken driving death of three youths in North Carolina in October. He had been convicted in the state for driving without a license in 2005 and twice earlier in 2006. (The News Observer, November 7 2006)
• September 2006—Juan Leonardo Quintero, shot and killed a Houston police officer after being detained for speeding. Quintero, had been deported to Mexico in 1999 for molesting a 12-year-old girl. (World Net Daily, September 28, 2006)
• June 2006—Dilfredy Rodriguez, a Cuban Mariel detainee released after a Supreme Court ruling against indefinite detention, who was shot dead after ramming a police car attempting to stop him for driving erratically while driving a stolen bus. (The Miami Herald, June 22, 2006)
• June 2006—Nicolas Serrano, a Dominican, stabbed his girlfriend to death in Rockville, Maryland. In 1998 he was arrested for selling crack cocaine to police informants. He served four months in jail. He was convicted of a misdemeanor sex offense in Washington, DC in 2000 and later pled guilty in a federal drug case, but apparently was released for cooperating with the FBI. In 1997 he was charged with attempted murder of the same person he murdered in 2006. He was also charged with assault and battery by the mother of the victim. He was ordered deported in 2005 after charges of attempted murder were made against him, but he may not have been removed. (The Washington Post, June 6, 2006)
• June 2006—Javier Rico, a Mexican, killed the mother of an 8-year old boy while driving drunk in Chicago. He had been convicted of DUI in 2005 and had jumped bail on still another DUI case. (The Chicago Tribune, June 1, 2006)
• May 2006—Hugo Martinez, a Mexican illegal alien, murdered two women and attempted to murder a third in Nassau, New York all while high on crack cocaine. (Newsday, May 19, 2006)
• April 2006— Esdras Cardona, a Guatemalan illegal alien and dishwasher at a club in Florida, raped another employee, was convicted, and is serving a 20-year sentence in Florida. (The Daily News [Palm Beach], December 20, 2008).
• February 2006—Domingo Esqueda, a Mexican illegal alien, crashed into and killed a California Highway Patrol officer on a motorcycle while driving drunk and without a license. (The Desert Dispatch, February 28, 2006)
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• November 2005—Fredy Lopez-Gamez, a Mexican illegal alien, presumably fled back to Mexico while being sought by police after arresting his brother and two others for beating, kidnapping and holding a man for ransom. He was jailed in 2003 for kidnapping his estranged wife, and was arrested in June 2005 for selling cocaine. He was turned over to ICE and deported in September, but sneaked back ten weeks later . (Rocky Mountain News, June 13, 2006)
• November 2005—Jorge Humberto Hernandez-Soto was charged with involuntary manslaughter for killing a < University of North Carolina female student by crashing into her while driving the wrong way on I-485 faster than 100 mph while drunk. He had been convicted twice before for DUI and had been removed from the United States 17 times. (The Charlotte Observer, November 22, 2005)
• November 2005—Juan Lizcano, a Mexican who entered the country illegally in 2001, shot and killed a police officer in Dallas, Texas. He had been detained twice before by the police but immigration authorities had not been notified. (World Net Daily, November 28, 2005)
• May 2005—Raul Gomez Garcia, an illiterate Mexican illegal alien, shot two police officers, killing one after being denied entry to a party. He fled to Mexico where he was later arrested and extradited under the condition that he would not receive a death penalty and convicted and sentenced to 80 years imprisonment. Gomez Garcia testified he always carried a gun. He had been stopped by Denver police on three occasions prior to the shooting . (New York Times, November 26, 2005 and Rocky Mountain News, September 29, 2007)
• February 2005—Oswaldo Martinez, a Salvadoran illegal alien, raped a 16-year-old girl in James City, Virginia. A year earlier he had been arrested for drunk driving, and was found to be using a fake Social Security card. (The Virginia Gazette, February 26, 2005)
• October 2004—Ricardo Cepates, a Honduran illegal immigrant, was found guilty of multiple cases of rape in New Jersey, including two of Rutgers university students between 2001 and 2003. In 1998, despite a deportation order, he was released on probation after pleading guilty to attacking a Brunswick woman on the street and holding a knife to her throat. (The Daily Targum, October 27, 2004)
• July 2004—Juan Carlos Solis, a Mexican illegal alien, and three others were charged with aggravated murder, first degree robbery and burglary for the break-in of a home in Oregon where they shot to death a man and wounded his teenage son in a robbery. Solis, who had an Oregon driver’s license, had been previously deported. (WorldNetDaily, May 9, 2005)
• May 2004—Nicolas Serrano-Villagrana, an illegal alien, was convicted of felony drunk driving for plowing into bystanders at a bus stop that killed a 4-year-old and injured two others. He had previously been arrested for drunk driving, but immigration authorities had not been contacted. (Editorial, Las Vegas Review-Journal, May 21, 2004).
Rising Immigrant Admissions to the United States (2009)
Legally admitted immigrants have increased enormously since the 1965 change in the immigration law that reopened the door to mass immigration. The rate of this upward trend varies among the states over the past 10 years, but may be seen in all states but one.


Mexico prefers to export its poor, not uplift them

March 30, 2006 edition

Mexico prefers to export its poor, not uplift them
At this week's summit, failed reforms under Fox should be the issue, not US actions.

By George W. Grayson WILLIAMSBURG, VA.

At the parleys this week with his US and Canadian counterparts in Cancún, Mexican President Vicente Fox will press for more opportunities for his countrymen north of the Rio Grande. Specifically, he will argue for additional visas for Mexicans to enter the United States and Canada, the expansion of guest-worker schemes, and the "regularization" of illegal immigrants who reside throughout the continent. In a recent interview with CNN, the Mexican chief executive excoriated as "undemocratic" the extension of a wall on the US-Mexico border and called for the "orderly, safe, and legal" northbound flow of Mexicans, many of whom come from his home state of Guanajuato. Mexican legislators share Mr. Fox's goals. Silvia Hernández Enriquez, head of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations for North America, recently emphasized that the solution to the "structural phenomenon" of unlawful migration lies not with "walls or militarization" but with "understanding, cooperation, and joint responsibility." Such rhetoric would be more convincing if Mexican officials were making a good faith effort to uplift the 50 percent of their 106 million people who live in poverty. To his credit, Fox's "Opportunities" initiative has improved slightly the plight of the poorest of the poor. Still, neither he nor Mexico's lawmakers have advanced measures that would spur sustained growth, improve the quality of the workforce, curb unemployment, and obviate the flight of Mexicans abroad. Indeed, Mexico's leaders have turned hypocrisy from an art form into an exact science as they shirk their obligations to fellow citizens, while decrying efforts by the US senators and representatives to crack down on illegal immigration at the border and the workplace. What are some examples of this failure of responsibility? • When oil revenues are excluded, Mexico raises the equivalent of only 9 percent of its gross domestic product in taxes - a figure roughly equivalent to that of Haiti and far below the level of major Latin American nations. Not only is Mexico's collection rate ridiculously low, its fiscal regime is riddled with loopholes and exemptions, giving rise to widespread evasion. Congress has rebuffed efforts to reform the system. Insufficient revenues mean that Mexico spends relatively little on two key elements of social mobility: Education commands just 5.3 percent of its GDP and healthcare only 6.10 percent, according to the World Bank's last comparative study. • A venal, "come-back-tomorrow" bureaucracy explains the 58 days it takes to open a business in Mexico compared with three days in Canada, five days in the US, nine days in Jamaica, and 27 days in Chile. Mexico's private sector estimates that 34 percent of the firms in the country made "extra official" payments to functionaries and legislators in 2004. These bribes totaled $11.2 billion and equaled 12 percent of GDP. • Transparency International, a nongovernmental organization, placed Mexico in a tie with Ghana, Panama, Peru, and Turkey for 65th among 158 countries surveyed for corruption. • Economic competition is constrained by the presence of inefficient, overstaffed state oil and electricity monopolies, as well as a small number of private corporations - closely linked to government big shots - that control telecommunications, television, food processing, transportation, construction, and cement. Politicians who talk about, much less propose, trust-busting measures are as rare as a snowfall in the Sonoran Desert. Geography, self-interests, and humanitarian concerns require North America's neighbors to cooperate on myriad issues, not the least of which is immigration. However, Mexico's power brokers have failed to make the difficult decisions necessary to use their nation's bountiful wealth to benefit the masses. Washington and Ottawa have every right to insist that Mexico's pampered elite act responsibly, rather than expecting US and Canadian taxpayers to shoulder burdens Mexico should assume. UNFETTERED IMMIGRATION brings poverty to Americans AND NEW "VOTERS' TO LA RAZA DEMS

Unfettered Immigration = Poverty

By. Robert Rector | May 16, 2006

This paper focuses on the net fiscal effects of immigration with particular emphasis on the fiscal effects of low skill immigration. The fiscal effects of immigration are only one aspect of the impact of immigration. Immigration also has social, political, and economic effects. In particular, the economic effects of immigration have been heavily researched with differing results. These economic effects lie beyond the scope of this paper. Overall, immigration is a net fiscal positive to the government’s budget in the long run: the taxes immigrants pay exceed the costs of the services they receive. However, the fiscal impact of immigrants varies strongly according to immigrants’ education level. College-educated immigrants are likely to be strong contributors to the government’s finances, with their taxes exceeding the government’s costs. By contrast, immigrants with low education levels are likely to be a fiscal drain on other taxpayers. This is important because half of all adult illegal immigrants in the U.S. have less than a high school education. In addition, recent immigrants have high levels of out-of-wedlock childbearing, which increases welfare costs and poverty. An immigration plan proposed by Senators Mel Martinez (R-FL) and Chuck Hagel (R-NE) would provide amnesty to 9 to 10 million illegal immigrants and put them on a path to citizenship. Once these individuals become citizens, the net additional cost to the federal government of benefits for these individuals will be around $16 billion per year. Further, once an illegal immigrant becomes a citizen, he has the right to bring his parents to live in the U.S. The parents, in turn, may become citizens. The long-term cost of government benefits to the parents of 10 million recipients of amnesty could be $30 billion per year or more. In the long run, the Hagel/Martinez bill, if enacted, would be the largest expansion of the welfare state in 35 years. Current Trends in Immigration Over the last 40 years, immigration into the United States has surged. Our nation is now experiencing a second “great migration” similar to the great waves of immigrants that transformed America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In 2004, an estimated 35.7 million foreign-born persons lived in the U.S. While in 1970 one person in twenty was foreign born, by 2004 the number had risen to one in eight. About one-third of all foreign-born persons in the U.S. are illegal aliens. There are between 10 and 12 million illegal aliens currently living in the U.S.[1] Illegal aliens now comprise 3 to 4 percent of the total U.S. population. Each year approximately 1.3 million new immigrants enter the U.S.[2] Some 700,000 of these entrants are illegal.[3] One third of all foreign-born persons in the U.S. are Mexican. Overall, the number of Mexicans in the U.S. has increased from 760,000 in 1970 to 10.6 million in 2004. Nine percent of all Mexicans now reside in the U.S.[4] Over half of all Mexicans in the U.S. are illegal immigrants,[5] and in the last decade 80 to 85 percent of the inflow of Mexicans into the U.S. has been illegal.[6] The public generally perceives illegals to be unattached single men. This is, in fact, not the case. Some 44 percent of adult illegals are women. While illegal men work slightly more than native-born men; illegal women work less. Among female illegals, some 56 percent work, compared to 73 percent among native-born women of comparable age.[7] As well, Mexican women emigrating to the U.S. have a considerably higher fertility rate than women remaining in Mexico.[8] Decline in Immigrant Wages Over the last 40 years the education level of new immigrants has fallen relative to the native population. As the relative education levels of immigrants have declined, so has their earning capacity compared to the general U.S. population. Immigrants arriving in the U.S. around 1960 had wages, at the time of entry, that were just 13 percent less than natives’. In 1965, the nation’s immigration law was dramatically changed, and from 1990 on, illegal immigration surged. The result was a decline in the relative skill levels of new immigrants. By 1998, new immigrants had an average entry wage that was 34 percent less than natives.’[12] Because of their lower education levels, illegal immigrants’ wages would have been even lower. The low-wage status of recent illegal immigrants can be illustrated by the wages of recent immigrants from Mexico, a majority of whom have entered the U.S. illegally. In 2000, the median weekly wage of a first-generation Mexican immigrant was $323. This was 54 percent of the corresponding wage for non-Hispanic whites in the general population.[13] Historically, the relative wages of recent immigrants have risen after entry as immigrants gained experience in the labor market. For example, immigrants who arrived in the U.S. in the 1960s and 1970s saw their relative wages rise by 10 percentage points compared to natives’ wages during their first 20 years in the country. But in recent years, this modest catch up effect has diminished. Immigrants who arrived in the late 1980s actually saw their relative wages shrink in the 1990s.[14] Immigration and Welfare Dependence Welfare may be defined as means-tested aid programs: these programs provide cash, non-cash, and social service assistance that is limited to low-income households. The major means-tested programs include Food Stamps, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, public housing, the earned income credit, and Medicaid. Historically, recent immigrants were less likely to receive welfare than native-born Americans. But over the last thirty years, this historic pattern has reversed. As the relative education levels of immigrants fell, their tendency to receive welfare benefits increased. By the late 1990s immigrant households were fifty percent more likely to receive means-tested aid than native-born households.[15] Moreover, immigrants appear to assimilate into welfare use. The longer immigrants live in the U.S., the more likely they are to use welfare.[16] A large part, but not all, of immigrants’ higher welfare use is explained by their low education levels. Welfare use also varies by immigrants’ national origin. For example, in the late 1990s, 5.6 percent of immigrants from India received means-tested benefits; among Mexican immigrants the figure was 34.1 percent; and for immigrants from the Dominican Republic the figure was 54.9 percent.[17] Ethnic differences in the propensity to receive welfare that appear among first-generation immigrants persist strongly in the second generation.[18] The relatively high use of welfare among Mexicans has significant implications for current proposals to grant amnesty to illegal immigrants. Some 80 percent of illegal immigrants come from Mexico and Latin America.[19] (See Chart 1) Historically, Hispanics in America have had very high levels of welfare use. Chart 2 shows receipt of aid from major welfare programs by different ethnic groups in 1999; the programs covered are Medicaid, Food Stamps, public housing, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, General Assistance, and Supplemental Security Income.[20] As the chart shows, Hispanics were almost three times more likely to receive welfare than non-Hispanic whites. In addition, among families that received aid, the cost of the aid received was 40 percent higher for Hispanics than for non-Hispanic whites.[21] Putting together the greater probability of receiving welfare with the greater cost of welfare per family means that, on average, Hispanic families received four times more welfare per family than white non-Hispanics. 1. Part, but not all, of this high level of welfare use by Hispanics can be explained by background factors such as family structure.[22] It seems likely that, if Hispanic illegal immigrants are given permanent residence and citizenship, they and their children will likely assimilate into the culture of high welfare use that characterizes Hispanics in the U.S. This would impose significant costs on taxpayers and society as a whole. Welfare use can also be measured by immigration status. In general, immigrant households are about fifty percent more likely to use welfare than native-born households.[23] Immigrants with less education are more likely to use welfare. (See Chart 3) 1. The potential welfare costs of low-skill immigration and amnesty for current illegal immigrants can be assessed by looking at the welfare utilization rates for current low-skill immigrants. As Chart 4 shows, immigrants without a high school degree (both lawful and unlawful) are two-and-a-half times more likely to use welfare than native-born individuals.[24] This underscores the high potential welfare costs of giving amnesty to illegal immigrants. 1. All categories of high school dropouts have a high utilization of welfare. Immigrants who have less than a high school degree are slightly more likely to use welfare than native-born dropouts. Legal immigrants who are high school dropouts are slightly more likely to use welfare than native-born dropouts.[25] Illegal immigrant dropouts, however, are less likely to use welfare than native-born dropouts mainly because they are ineligible for many welfare programs. With amnesty, current illegal immigrants’ welfare use would likely rise to the level of lawful immigrants with similar education levels. Illegal Immigration and Poverty 1. According to the Pew Hispanic Center, 4.7 million children of illegal immigrant parents currently live in the U.S.[26] Some 37 percent of these children are poor.[27] While children of illegal immigrant parents comprise around 6 percent of all children in the U.S., they are 11.8 percent of all poor children.[28] This high level of child poverty among illegal immigrants in the U.S. is, in part, due to low education levels and low wages. It is also linked to the decline in marriage among Hispanics in the U.S. Within this group, 45 percent of children are born out-of-wedlock.[29] (See Table 1.) Among foreign-born Hispanics the rate is 42.3 percent.[30] By contrast, the out-of-wedlock birth rate for non-Hispanic whites is 23.4 percent.[31] The birth rate for Hispanic teens is higher than for black teens.[32] While the out-of-wedlock birth rate for blacks has remained flat for the last decade, it has risen steadily for Hispanics.[33] These figures are important because, as noted, some 80 percent of illegal aliens come from Mexico and Latin America.[34] In general, children born and raised outside of marriage are seven times more likely to live in poverty than children born and raised by married couples. Children born out-of-wedlock are also more likely to be on welfare, to have lower educational achievement, to have emotional problems, to abuse drugs and alcohol, and to become involved in crime.[35] 5. Poverty is also more common among adult illegal immigrants, who are twice as likely to be poor as are native-born adults. Some 27 percent of all adult illegal immigrants are poor, compared to 13 percent of native-born adults.[36] Economic and Social Assimilation of Illegal Immigrant Offspring One important question is the future economic status of the children and grandchildren of current illegal immigrants, assuming those offspring remain in the U.S. While we obviously do not have data on future economic status, we may obtain a strong indication of future outcomes by examining the educational attainment of offspring of recent Mexican immigrants. Some 57 percent of current illegal immigrants come from Mexico, and about half of Mexicans currently in the U.S. are here illegally.[37] First-generation Mexican immigrants are individuals born in Mexico who have entered the U.S. In 2000, some 70 percent of first-generation Mexican immigrants (both legal and illegal) lacked a high school degree. Second-generation Mexicans may be defined as individuals born in the U.S. who have at least one parent born in Mexico. Second-generation Mexican immigrants (individuals born in the U.S. who have at least one parent born in Mexico) have greatly improved educational outcomes but still fall well short of the general U.S. population. Some 25 percent of second-generation Mexicans in the U.S. fail to complete high school. By contrast, the high school drop out rate is 8.6 percent among non-Hispanic whites and 17.2 percent among blacks. Critically, the educational attainment of third-generation Mexicans (those of Mexican ancestry with both parents born in the U.S.) improves little relative to the second generation. Some 21 percent of third-generation Mexicans are high school drop outs.[38] Similarly, the rate of college attendance among second-generation Mexicans is lower than for black Americans and about two-thirds of the level for non-Hispanic whites; moreover, college attendance does not improve in the third generation.[39] These data indicate that the offspring of illegal Hispanic immigrants are likely to have lower rates of educational attainment and higher rates of school failure compared to the non-Hispanic U.S. population. High rates of school failure coupled with high rates of out-of-wedlock childbearing are strong predictors of future poverty and welfare dependence. Immigration and Crime Historically, immigrant populations have had lower crime rates than native-born populations. For example, in 1991, the overall crime and incarceration rate for non-citizens was slightly lower than for citizens.[40] On the other hand, the crime rate among Hispanics in the U.S. is high. Age-specific incarceration rates (prisoners per 100,000 residents in the same age group in the general population) among Hispanics in federal and state prisons are two to two-and-a-half times higher than among non-Hispanic whites.[41] Relatively little of this difference appears to be due to immigration violations.[42] Illegal immigrants are overwhelmingly Hispanic. It is possible that, over time, Hispanic immigrants and their children may assimilate the higher crime rates that characterize the low-income Hispanic population in the U.S. as a whole.[43] If this were to occur, then policies that would give illegal immigrants permanent residence through amnesty, as well as policies which would permit a continuing influx of hundreds of thousands of illegal immigrants each year, would increase crime in the long term. The Fiscal Impact of Immigration One important question is the fiscal impact of immigration (both legal and illegal). Policymakers must ensure that the interaction of welfare and immigration policy does not expand the welfare-dependent popula_?tion, which would hinder rather than help immi_?grants and impose large costs on American society. This means that immigrants should be net contributors to government: the taxes they pay should exceed the cost of the benefits they receive. In calculating the fiscal impact of an individual or family, it is necessary to distinguish between public goods and private goods. Public goods do not require additional spending to accommodate new residents.[44] The clearest examples of government public goods are national defense and medical and scientific research. The entry of millions of immigrants will not raise costs or diminish the value of these public goods to the general population. Other government services are private goods; use of these by one person precludes or limits use by another. Government private goods include direct personal benefits such as welfare, Social Security benefits, Medicare, and education. Other government private goods are “congestible” goods.[45] These are services that must be expanded in proportion to the population. Government congestible goods include police and fire protection, roads and sewers, parks, libraries, and courts. If these services do not expand as the population expands, there will be a decrease in the quality of service. An individual makes a positive fiscal contribution when his total taxes paid exceed the direct benefits and congestible goods received by himself and his family.[46] The Fiscal Impact of Low Skill Immigration The 1997 New Americans study by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) examined the fiscal impact of immigration.[47] It found that, within in a single year, the fiscal impact of foreign-born households was negative in the two states studied, New Jersey and California.[48] Measured over the course of a lifetime, the fiscal impact of first-generation immigrants nationwide was also slightly negative.[49] However, when the future earnings and taxes paid by the offspring of the immigrant were counted, the long-term fiscal impact was positive. One commonly cited figure from the report is that the net present value (NPV) of the fiscal impact of the average recent immigrant and his descendents is $83,000.[50] There are five important caveats about the NAS longitudinal study and its conclusion that in the long term the fiscal impact of immigration is positive. First, the study applies to all recent immigration, not just illegal immigration. Second, the finding that the long-term fiscal impact of immigration is positive applies to the population of immigrants as a whole, not to low-skill immigrants alone. Third, the $83,000 figure is based on the predicted earnings, tax payments, and benefits of an immigrant’s descendents over the next 300 years.[51] Fourth, the study does not take into account the growth in out-of-wedlock childbearing among the foreign-born population, which will increase future welfare costs and limit the upward mobility of future generations. Fifth, the assumed educational attainment of the children, grandchildren, and great grandchildren of immigrants who are high school dropouts or high school graduates seems unreasonably high given the actual attainment of the offspring of recent Mexican and Hispanic immigrants.[52] The NAS study’s 300-year time horizon is highly problematic. Three hundred years ago, the United States did not even exist and British colonists had barely reached the Appalachian Mountains. We cannot reasonably estimate what taxes and benefits will be even 30 years from now, let alone 300. The NAS study assumes that most people’s descendents will eventually regress to the social and economic mean, and thus may make a positive fiscal contribution, if the time horizon is long enough. With similar methods, it seems likely that out-of-wedlock childbearing could be found to have a net positive fiscal value as long as assumed future earnings are projected out 500 or 600 years. Slight variations to NAS’s assumptions used by NAS greatly affect the projected outcomes. For example, limiting the time horizon to 50 years and raising the assumed interest rate from 3 percent to 4 percent drops the NPV of the average immigrant from around $80,000 to $8,000.[53] Critically, the NAS projections assumed very large tax increases and benefits cuts would begin in 2016 to prevent the federal deficit from rising further relative to GDP. This assumption makes it far easier for future generations to be scored as fiscal contributors. If these large tax hikes and benefit cuts do not occur, then the long-term positive fiscal value of immigration evaporates.[54] Moreover, if future tax hikes and benefit cuts do occur, the exact nature of those changes would likely have a large impact on the findings; this issue is not explored in the NAS study. Critically, the estimated net fiscal impact of the whole immigrant population has little bearing on the fiscal impact of illegal immigrants, who are primarily low-skilled. As noted, at least 50 percent of illegal immigrants do not have a high school degree. As the NAS report states, “[S]ome groups of immigrants bring net fiscal benefits to natives and others impose net fiscal costs [I]mmigrants with certain characteristics, such as the elderly and those with little education, may be quite costly.”[55] The NAS report shows that the long-term fiscal impact of immigrants varies dramatically according to the education level of the immigrant. The fiscal impact of immigrants with some college education is positive. The fiscal impact of immigrants with a high school degree varies according to the time horizon used. The fiscal impact of immigrants without a high school degree is negative: benefits received will exceed taxes paid. The net present value of the future fiscal impact of immigrants without a high school degree is negative even when the assumed earnings and taxes of descendents over the next 300 years are included in the calculation.[56] A final point is that the NAS study’s estimates assume that low skill immigration does not reduce the wages of native-born low-skill workers. If low-skill immigration does, in fact, reduce the wages of native-born labor, this would reduce taxes paid and increase welfare expenditures for that group. The fiscal, social, and political implications could be quite large. The Cost of Amnesty Federal and state governments currently spend over $500 billion per year on means-tested welfare benefits.[57] Illegal aliens are ineligible for most federal welfare benefits but can receive some assistance through programs such as Medicaid, In addition, native-born children of illegal immigrant parents are citizens and are eligible for all relevant federal welfare benefits. Granting amnesty to illegal aliens would have two opposing fiscal effects. On the one hand, it may raise wages and taxes paid by broadening the labor market individuals compete in; it would also increase tax compliance and tax receipts as more work would be performed “on the books,”[58] On the other hand, amnesty would greatly increase the receipt of welfare, government benefits, and social services. Because illegal immigrant households tend to be low-skill and low-wage, the cost to government could be considerable. The Center for Immigration Studies (CIS) has performed a thorough study of the federal fiscal impacts of amnesty.[59] This study found that illegal immigrant households have low education levels and low wages and currently pay little in taxes. Illegal immigrant households also receive lower levels of federal government benefits. Nonetheless, the study also found that, on average, illegal immigrant families received more in federal benefits than they paid in taxes.[60] Granting amnesty would render illegal immigrants eligible for federal benefit programs. The CIS study estimated the additional taxes that would be paid and the additional government costs that would occur as a result of amnesty. It assumed that welfare utilization and tax payment among current illegal immigrants would rise to equal the levels among legally-admitted immigrants of similar national, educational, and demographic backgrounds. If all illegal immigrants were granted amnesty, federal tax payments would increase by some $3,000 per household, but federal benefits and social services would increase by $8,000 per household. Total federal welfare benefits would reach around $9,500 per household, or $35 billion per year total. The study estimates that the net cost to the federal government of granting amnesty to some 3.8 million illegal alien households would be around $5,000 per household, for a total federal fiscal cost of $19 billion per year.[61] preference for entry visas. The current visa allotments for family members (other than spouses and minor children) should be eliminated, and quotas for employment- and skill-based entry increased proportionately.