Friday, February 12, 2016




"She said she still gets angry with employers and their lobbyist enablers who are “all about lining their pockets, making money off this free and cheap labor." Rodney Johnson’s widow, Houston police officer Joslyn Johnson.

After Deportation, Killer Returned Easily to U.S.


Juan Leonardo Quintero, an undocumented immigrant pictured here in 2015 in a visitation booth at the maximum-security Allred Unit near Wichita Falls, is serving a life sentence for the 2006 murder of Houston Police Officer Rodney Johnson.
Juan Leonardo Quintero, an undocumented immigrant pictured here in 2015 in a visitation booth at the maximum-security Allred Unit near Wichita Falls, is serving a life sentence for the 2006 murder of Houston Police Officer Rodney Johnson.
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IOWA PARK — Before Kate Steinle was murdered in San Francisco by a homeless immigrant with five deportations and multiple drug convictions on his record.

Before Gov. Greg Abbott threatened to punish Texas sheriffs who don't toe the line on enforcing federal immigration laws.

Before Donald Trump began bragging about plans to build a border wall to keep out foreign lawbreakers.

Before all that, there was the case of Juan Leonardo Quintero.

For several years, Quintero was a poster child for the perils of loose border enforcement that allowed deported immigrants with criminal records to return to the United States — and the state and local policies that helped them escape detection once they got back.

In 2006, Quintero shot and killed Houston police officer Rodney Johnson after a routine traffic stop. The case generated headlines and calls for reform throughout Quintero’s trial and capital murder conviction in 2008.

Interest flared up again in 2009 after the arrest and guilty plea of the landscaper who hired Quintero. And, perhaps most famously, the case sparked a raging controversy in the 2010 race for Texas governor, when the undocumented immigrant was portrayed as a Willie Horton figure — a dangerous criminal whose misdeeds might have been prevented if only some politician had done things differently.

History faded from the front pages, and today Quintero is quietly serving out a life sentence in a maximum-security prison near Wichita Falls. In a recent jailhouse interview with The Texas Tribune, Quintero said he's still surprised at how easily he could return to the United States and resume work after being deported for sexually assaulting a 12-year-old girl.
When they deported me, they just forgot about everything — that I had a driver’s license or whatever I had,” he said in fluent but heavily accented English. “They should be more ... I don’t know a word for that — pay more attention to everything they were supposed to have.”
Johnson’s widow, Houston police officer Joslyn Johnson, told the Tribune she feels genuinely sorry for undocumented immigrants who just want to work and get ahead but remains angry that federal, state and local agencies still have no way of keeping out — or keeping up with — men like the one who killed her husband.

“I do believe that most immigrants are law-abiding, hardworking people,” she said. “Unfortunately, the few criminal ones that we don’t know about — that’s the whole problem ... we don’t know if they’re criminals because we don’t know who’s here."

On to Houston

Unlike many undocumented immigrants who cross the southern border, Quintero, 42, has no searing memories of deprivation or tales of difficult passage north in search of a better life.

Life wasn’t all that bad in Celaya, Guanajuato state, in central Mexico, he said. His parents had a two-story house and he briefly attended college before dropping out to try his luck and enjoy some of that “freedom” in the United States he heard about.

Once here, keeping authorities guessing about his true identity became a way of life, Quintero said.
“When we don’t have no papers, we can give you different names,” he said from behind the thick glass of a visiting booth at the Allred Unit. “I never got no cars in my name, no credit cards. Nothing in my name. I didn’t even get it in my driver’s license.”

The first time he crossed, in 1994, he paid a coyote about $350 — a tenth or less of the estimated price these days — to ferry him to McAllen, Texas, crossing at Matamoros, and then, at the coyote's suggestion, it was on to Houston, he says.

“What I was thinking is, I get there, stay a year, couple years. Keep going north. I was planning all the way to Canada, Alaska, stuff like that. But I didn’t make it,” Quintero said. “I got stuck in Houston.”

It didn’t take him long to get in trouble. By his count he was “picked up about nine, 10 times” during his first five years in Houston, but there are only four criminal charges on his official record during the period. He was arrested for drunk driving and for failing to stop and give information after an accident in 1995, then driving with a suspended license a year later.

In 1998 he faced far more serious charges — indecency with a 12-year-old girl. Years after the incident she said Quintero, who admitted drinking 18 beers that day, grabbed her breast three times, the Houston Chronicle reported in 2006. In the Tribune interview, Quintero denied touching the girl inappropriately and faulted his attorney for talking him into pleading guilty in exchange for deferred adjudication.

He said his lawyers told him he would get probation but failed to mention federal immigration officials might be notified of his plea and, if so, would likely deport him. Sure enough, in April 1999, immigration agents surprised Quintero at his probation meeting and took him into custody. He was deported to Mexico in May.
"I knew I was in trouble," Juan Leonardo Quintero says of the traffic stop during which he killed a Houston police officer. "I was worried about being put in prison."
"I knew I was in trouble," Juan Leonardo Quintero says of the traffic stop during which he killed a Houston police officer. "I was worried about being put in prison."
Quintero tried to make a go of it back home. His wife, Theresa, and her two kids followed him there. But money was running out after a few months, and Quintero said he couldn’t give them the life they had come to expect in the states. So even though authorities told him “it’s going to be 10 to 20 years” in federal prison if he got caught coming back, he again set his sights north.

As it turned out, Quintero was sorely missed back in Houston, where he worked for Camp Landscaping in suburban Deer Park. The owner, Robert Camp, had already posted the $10,000 bond to free his worker from jail when he was charged with indecency with a child, federal records indicate. After he was deported, Quintero said, Camp lent him the money he needed to pay another coyote to smuggle him back into the United States. He crossed the border near Tucson, Arizona, and in late 1999 flew back to Texas and returned to his old job, he said.

Quintero said he was surprised the state didn’t take his driver’s license away when he was deported in 1999. His wife kept it for him, and when he returned to the United States it was still valid. DPS has since tightened up its requirements: To get a driver’s license today, applicants must prove lawful presence in the country.

"I knew I was in trouble."

On. Sept. 21, 2006, Quintero was speeding near Hobby Airport in his employer’s truck when he saw the familiar lights of a police car in his rear-view mirror. In keeping with his strategy of continual anonymity, he said he was not carrying his driver’s license. In a plaintive tone, he said he expected Rodney Johnson to cite him and let him go.

“It wasn’t like it was a stolen vehicle,” he said. “It’s just two tickets he was supposed to write right there.”

That’s not what happened. Johnson arrested Quintero so he could make a proper fingerprint identification. He patted Quintero down for weapons, but not thoroughly enough, missing a gun tucked inside his pants. Johnson was in the front seat filling out a booking sheet when Quintero, handcuffed, managed to pull the 9 mm semi-automatic pistol and shoot Johnson seven times — four in the back of the head.

Johnson was able to press an emergency button calling for back up before losing consciousness. When help arrived, officers found Johnson, a father of five, slumped in the front seat of his car with his leg hanging out the door and one foot touching the ground. He was pronounced dead at Ben Taub Hospital.

Quintero said in the Tribune interview that he didn’t want to re-hash details of his crime. He quickly confessed to the murder at the time and cooperated with authorities, though he pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity. His lawyers contended that a childhood head injury made him act unreasonably in threatening situations.

But in the interview Quintero acknowledged a key point prosecutors argued during the trial — and one that his defense attorneys disputed: Looming over Quintero as he sat handcuffed in that squad car was the near certainty that he would go to prison for a long time if Johnson found out who he was.
“I knew I was in trouble. Since I came back, I knew I was in trouble,” he said. “I was worried about being put in prison.”

Quintero was convicted of capital murder, but in a decision that stunned both the defendant and the family of the police officer he murdered, the jury gave him life without parole instead of the death penalty prosecutors sought.

“I was expecting that I [would] get executed right there and then,” Quintero said. “It didn’t happen.”
Tightening the net

By the time the verdict was announced, Johnson’s murder had already sparked an outcry in Houston and beyond, immediately cranking up pressure on the city to change its immigration policy — namely, a 1992 order instructing that “officers shall not make inquiries as to the citizenship status of any person,” and forbidding police to contact immigration authorities unless suspects were arrested for serious misdemeanors or felonies.

On the day of Johnson’s funeral, officials with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement met with city leaders, including then-Police Chief Harold Hurtt, to discuss cooperation between local law enforcement and federal immigration authorities, recalls Houston’s top ICE commander, former Special Agent in Charge Robert Rutt.

“I said, ‘Chief, you don’t allow us in your jails. You don’t notify us when you’re releasing illegal aliens that we have detainers on. And he goes, ‘What?’” Rutt said. “To Chief Hurtt’s credit, he said, ‘You know what, we’re making a policy change right now.’”

The announcement came two weeks after Johnson’s death, when police said they would start closely cooperating with federal authorities and would check the wanted status — including for immigration violations — of everyone arrested and incarcerated. That’s still the policy.

“As of right now, ICE is allowed back in the city jail,” said Rutt, now retired. “So it took the tragedy of Rodney Johnson being killed.”

Craig Ferrell, HPD’s former chief counsel, said Houston Police had never outright banned immigration authorities from its jails but was wary of turning over inmates based on civil violations, as many immigration infractions are. After Johnson’s murder, ICE and HPD struck a formal agreement to cooperate on immigration matters.

“The agreement was they could come in immediately as long as they told us we’re going to approach this from a criminal perspective,” Ferrell said.

“You know people are coming here to make a living for their families, so if you take away the magnet, which is illegal employment, the people won’t come.”— Robert Rutt, Houston’s top ICE commander
The murder also brought big changes at Camp Landscaping. The federal government, in an unusually aggressive prosecution against an employer, arrested owner Robert Camp on charges of “harboring an illegal alien.” Investigators said that Camp knowingly hired Quintero despite his lack of work authorization and that he had put the immigrant’s wife on his payroll to fraudulently disguise the illegal employment.

Camp later pleaded guilty and was sentenced to three months in prison, three months home confinement and five years’ probation, records show. A phone number found online for Camp Landscaping is disconnected, and efforts to reach Camp through his former lawyers were not successful.

Rutt said the case demonstrated that hiring undocumented immigrants “is not a victimless crime.” He said people who live and work here illegally fear being apprehended by law enforcement — as Quintero did — and sometimes take desperate actions to avoid it.

“All of a sudden they get pulled over for something basically innocuous, they see their life falling apart and they do some really violent things sometimes to avoid capture,” he said. “Unfortunately, the police or private citizens bear the brunt of it.”

Rutt also said the Camp prosecution put the focus on a soft target elected leaders and policy makers keep ignoring: the workplace. Take away the illegal jobs, and most of the problems at the border, where elected officials keep pouring resources, will disappear, he said.

“You know people are coming here to make a living for their families, so if you take away the magnet, which is illegal employment, the people won’t come,” he said. “Nobody will hire them.”

Even in prison, Quintero proved difficult to contain. A year and half after he killed Johnson, Quintero and four other inmates tried to break out of the Polunsky Unit in Livingston. Quintero got as far as the fence and cut himself on the razor wire before he was stopped. Guards shot three of the inmates, but they survived. After that incident, Quintero was sent to the maximum security Allred Unit near the Oklahoma border, where prisoners deemed to be high risk inhabit 75-square-foot cells and typically spend their days in solitary confinement.

After the escape attempt, Joslyn Johnson said it was too bad one of the guards hadn’t hit Quintero. She said she still considers the life sentence Quintero received for killing her husband, who had wanted to be a cop since he was a teenager, “a slap in the face.”

“We have to pay for this man to live in jail for the rest of his life,” she said. “I felt he deserved to die just like Rodney died.”
Rodney Johnson’s widow, Houston police officer Joslyn Johnson.
Rodney Johnson’s widow, Houston police officer Joslyn Johnson.
Johnson herself had a memorable cameo in the 2010 governor’s race, when she was featured in a negative TV ad aired by Gov. Rick Perry’s campaign.

In the 30-second spot, Johnson looked straight into the camera and blamed Perry’s Democratic opponent, former Houston Mayor Bill White, for embracing “sanctuary city” policies that made it harder for local police to find and apprehend undocumented immigrants such as Quintero, who may present a danger to public safety.

White denied the accusation, though major changes in immigrant apprehension policies were made soon thereafter. The state made changes, too, after the mayor fired back that the Texas Department of Public Safety had dropped the ball by removing Quintero — and 2,000 others like him — from the public list of registered sex offenders after he was deported, though he remained on a criminal history database available to law enforcement. That meant he didn’t appear on the public list after sneaking back into the country several months later.

The sex offender registry snafu was fixed after White’s office pointed it out to the state agency following Johnson’s murder.

Before the Perry ad sank him even further in the Republican tide of 2010, the former Houston mayor bitterly accused his rival’s campaign of exploiting a grieving widow for rank political purposes.
Looking back, Johnson admits that “possibly I could have been” exploited but said she wanted to do it at the time and “doesn’t have any regrets.” She said she still gets angry with employers and their lobbyist enablers who are “all about lining their pockets, making money off this free and cheap labor.”

What hasn’t changed one bit, she said, is that local, state and federal authorities still don’t have a remotely good handle on which undocumented immigrants might pose a threat because the good ones and the bad ones are all living in the shadows, mixed together in a vast black market economy.
She noted that since her husband’s death, three more Houston police officers have been killed or seriously injured by undocumented immigrants with criminal records and previous removals from the United States. The officers were Kevin Will (killed in 2011); Henry Canales (killed in 2009); and officer Rick Salter (seriously injured in 2009).
“What’s offensive to me is the fact that [Quintero] could come into the country anytime he felt like,” Johnson said. “We don’t have enough people to keep track of everybody that comes in this country illegally ... We don’t even know the numbers.”

A missed chance?

A troubling footnote closes the story of Officer Rodney Johnson's death.

In his interview with the Tribune, Quintero claimed that less than a year before the murder, he was pulled over by Houston police for driving with a noisy muffler. Lacking a license or proof of insurance, he says he was taken to jail and fingerprinted, giving a fake name.

Quintero said the charges were dropped and he was released approximately two days later, no mention made of his sex offender status or previous deportation.

"They let me go," he said. "That was their mistake."

When the Tribune attempted to verify Quintero's story, Houston authorities could neither confirm nor refute it.

Houston police spokesman John Cannon said there was no evidence of such an arrest in Quintero’s homicide file, but in those days people detained for low-level “Class C” misdemeanors — representing about half of all arrests in that time period — had their names checked but did not have their fingerprints checked for warrants or wanted status by running them through state and federal databases.

If Quintero is telling the truth (the video of that part of his interview is available here) he slipped through the cracks of the legal system without leaving a trace, and an opportunity to remove him from the streets — and possibly the country — before he killed Johnson was missed.

House Committee on the Judiciary
Thursday, February 11, 2016

Is the Investor Visa Program an Underperforming Asset?

Witness testimony:

Nicholas Colucci, Chief
Immigration Investor Program
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services

Rebecca Gambler, Director
Homeland Security and Justice Issues
U.S. Government Accountability Office

Jeanne Calderon, Clinical Associate Professor
Stern School of Business, New York University

Matt Gordon, Chief Executive Officer
E3 Investment Group

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House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
Subcommittee on National Security
Subcommittee on Government Operations
Wednesday, February 10, 2016

The President’s Waiver of Restrictions on the Visa Waiver Program

Witness testimony:

R. Gil Kerlikowske, Commissioner
Customs and Border Protection
U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Hilary Batjer Johnson, Deputy Coordinator for Homeland Security, Screening, and Designations
Bureau of Counterterrorism
U.S Department of State

Jessica M. Vaughan, Director of Policy Studies
Center for Immigration Studies

Emanuele Ottolenghi, Senior Fellow
Foundation for Defense of Democracies

Stephen Heifetz, Partner
Steptoe and Johnson LLP

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House Committee on Homeland Security
Subcommittee Border and Maritime Security
Wednesday, February 10, 2016

National Security and Law Enforcement: Breaking the New Visa Waiver Law to Appease Iran

Member Statements

Chairman Michael McCaul

Witness testimony:

R. Gil Kerlikowske, Commissioner
U.S. Customs and Border Protection
U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Hillary Batjer Johnson, Deputy Coordinator
Homeland Security, Screening, and Designations
Bureau of Counterterrorism
U.S. Department of State

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House Committee on the Judiciary
Thursday, February 4, 2016

Another Surge of Illegal Immigrants Along the Southwest Border: Is this the Obama Administration’s New Normal?

Witness testimony:

Brandon Judd, U.S. Border Patrol Agent
President of the American Federation of Government Employees (AFGE) National Border Patrol Council

Steven McCraw, Director
Texas Department of Public Safety

Jessica Vaughan, Director of Policy Studies
Center for immigration Studies

Wendy Young, President
Kids in Need of Defense (KIND)

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Senate Committee on Homeland Security
Wednesday, February 3, 2016

Canada’s Fast-Track Refugee Plan: Unanswered Questions and Implications for U.S. National Security

Video of hearing:

Member Statements

Chairman Ron Johnson

Sen. Thomas R. Carper

Witness testimony:

Guidy Mamann
Senior Partner
Mamann, Sandaluk & Kingwell, LLP
Toronto, Canada

David B. Harris
Director, International Intelligence Program
INSIGNIS Strategic Research, Inc.
Ottawa, Canada

Dean Mandel
Border Patrol Agent, Buffalo Sector
U.S. Customs and Border Protection
Testifying on behalf of the National Border Patrol Council

Laura Dawson
Director, Canada Institute
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

[Member statements and witness testimony may be accessed at link above]

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House Committee on Homeland Security
Subcommittee on Immigration and Border Security
Wednesday, February 3, 2016

Crisis of Confidence: Preventing Terrorist Infiltration through U.S. Refugee and Visa Programs

Witness testimony:

Francis X. Taylor
Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis
U.S. Department of Homeland Security

León Rodríguez, Director
U.S. Citizenship and Immigrations Services
U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Lev J. Kubiak, Assistant Director
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Michele Thoren Bond, Assistant Secretary
Bureau of Consular Affairs
U.S. Department of State

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Senate Committee on the Judiciary
Tuesday, February 2, 2016

The Failures and Future of the EB-5 Regional Center Program: Can it be Fixed?

Member statements:

Chairman Chuck Grassley

Senator Patrick Leahy

Witness testimony:

Nicholas Colucci, Chief
Immigrant Investor Program
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services

Stephen L. Cohen, Associate Director
Division of Enforcement
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

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DHS: Progress in 2015, Goals for 2016
Address by Secretary of Homeland Security Jeh C. Johnson
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, February 11, 2016

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New from the Congressional Research Service

Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 114th Congress
By Andorra Bruno, Carla N. Argueta, Jerome P. Bjelopera, Michael John Garcia, William A. Kandel, Alison Siskin, and Ruth Ellen Wasem
February 3, 2016

Unaccompanied Alien Children--Legal Issues: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions
By Kate M. Manuel and Michael John Garcia
January 27, 2016

State Challenges to Federal Enforcement of Immigration Law: Historical Precedents and Pending Litigation in Texas v. United States
By Kate M. Manuel
January 27, 2016

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New from the General Accountability Office

Immigrant Investor Program: Additional Actions Needed to Better Assess Fraud Risks and Report Economic Benefits
Government Accountability Office, GAO-16-431T, February 11, 2016
Report -
Highlights -

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CBP's Special Operations Group Program Cost and Effectiveness are Unknown
OIG-16-34, January 29, 2016

Review of U.S. Customs and Border Protection's Fiscal Year 2015 Detailed Accounting Submission
OIG-16-27, January 27, 2016

Review of U.S. Customs and Border Protection's Fiscal Year 2015 Drug Control Performance Summary Report
OIG-16-26, January 27, 2016

Response to Allegations that a U.S. Customs and Border Protection Contractor Transport Detainees in Non-Air-Conditioned Vehicles
OIG-16-25, January 27, 2016

Review of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement's Fiscal Year 2015 Detailed Accounting Submission
OIG-16-31, January 27, 2016

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Competency Issues in Removal Proceedings: An Update
By Ilana Snyder
Immigration Law Advisor, Vol. 10, No. 1, January 2016

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Canada's population estimates: Subprovincial areas, July 1, 2015
Statistics Canada, February 10, 2016

Excerpt: International migration remains the main driver of population growth in census metropolitan areas

As was the case for Canada as a whole, population growth in CMAs from international migration slowed in 2014/2015. Although international migration continues to be the factor explaining most of the population growth of CMAs (60%), its contribution was down from 2013/2014 (66%).

The growth rate from international migration slowed especially in the CMAs in Alberta, falling from 1.5% to 0.6% in Calgary and down from 1.3% to 0.3% in Edmonton. The Winnipeg CMA (+1.6%) had the highest growth rate from international migration for a second consecutive year.

In absolute numbers, the strongest growth from international migration continued to be in the Toronto (+66,700), Montréal (+34,700) and Vancouver (+20,300) CMAs.

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Syrian immigrants often live in a family setting
Statistics Netherlands, February 11, 2016

Population growth fuelled by immigration
Statistics Netherlands, January 28, 2016

Summary: On the basis of provisional population data over 2015, Statistics Netherlands (CBS) reports that the Dutch population increased by 79 thousand to 16.9 million residents. Last year’s population growth was fuelled by a net migration gain of 56 thousand. Due to the combined effect of a high mortality and a low birth rate, the natural population increase was in fact low (23 thousand).

Despite the decrease in the unemployment rate, immigrants from Africa still have the highest unemployment level, at 11.3 per cent in the 4th quarter. Among immigrants from non-Nordic countries in Western Europe the registered unemployment rate was 4.1 per cent. Immigrants from regions with a large share of refugees usually have a higher unemployment rate than other immigrants. The only exception is the immigrants from EU countries in Eastern Europe, who mainly consist of labour immigrants. This group had the second largest unemployment rate in November 2015, at 8.2 per cent.

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Unemployment among immigrants, register-based
Statistics Norway, February 11, 2016


Strongest increase among EU immigrants
The registered unemployment among immigrants increased from 6.9 per cent in November 2014 to 7.0 per cent in November 2015, while the unemployment rate went up from 1.9 to 2.1 per cent within the rest of the population. In the whole population, the unemployment rate was 2.9 per cent in November 2015.

Immigration pushing up population
Statistics Norway, February 5, 2016

Excerpt: The Sami areas north of Saltfjellet mountain range have not experienced the same major population growth that has been seen in the rest of Norway in recent years. However, there are some immigrants who have found their way to the Sami parts of the country, and this has stabilised the population at the 2010 level following decades of a population decline.

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New from the Federation from American Immigration Reform

Immigration, Labor Displacement and the American Worker
January 2016

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Voters Strongly Favor Crackdown on Those Who Overstay Visas
Rasmussen Reports, January 27, 2016

Excerpt: A new government report says that over 500,000 visitors to the United States overstayed their legal visas last year and didn’t go home. Most voters think those who overstay their visas are a serious national security threat and that the feds need to take stronger steps to deport them.

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The Association between Immigration and Labor Market Outcomes in the United States
By Gaetano Basso and Giovanni Peri
Cato Institute Economic Policy Brief, January 20, 2016

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Priorities for U.S. Immigration Reform
Report on a series of expert roundtables
Georgetown University, Washington D.C., 2015

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Fulfilling the Promise of Preschool in Silicon Valley:
Examining Participation Patterns and Barriers to Access among Low-Income Children and Low-Income Children of Immigrants
By Gina Adams, Heather Koball, Erica Greenberg, Devlin Hanson, and Molly Michie
The Urban Institute, January 21, 2016

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New from the Institute for the Study of Labor

Discouraged Immigrants and the Missing Pop in EPOP
By Peter Norlander, Todd A. Sorensen
IZA Discussion Paper No. 9668, January 2016

The Impact of Syrian Refugees on the Labor Market in Neighboring Countries: Empirical Evidence from Jordan
By Ali Fakih and May Ibrahim
IZA Discussion Paper No. 9667, January 2016

What Drives the Legalization of Immigrants? Evidence from IRCA
By Alessandra Casarico, Giovanni Facchini, and Tommaso Frattini
IZA Discussion Paper No. 9666, January 2016

Australia Farewell: Predictors of Emigration in the 2000s
By Richard V. Burkhauser, Markus Hahn, Matthew Hall, and Nicole Watson
IZA Discussion Paper No. 9665, January 2016

The Acceleration of Immigrant Unhealthy Assimilation
By Osea Giuntella and Luca Stella
IZA Discussion Paper No. 9664, January 2016

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New from the Migration Policy Institute

Achieving Skill Mobility in the ASEAN Economic Community: Challenges, Opportunities, and Policy Implications
By Demetrios G. Papademetriou, Dovelyn Rannveig Mendoza, Brian Salant, and Guntur Sugiyarto
February 2016

Emigration from Portugal: Old Wine in New Bottles?
By David Justino
February 2016

Emigration Trends and Policies in China: Movement of the Wealthy and Highly Skilled
By Biao Xiang
February 2016

Reaching a “Fair Deal” on Talent: Emigration, Circulation, and Human Capital in Countries of Origin
By Kate Hooper and Madeleine Sumption
February 2016

Getting the Balance Right: Strengthening Asylum Reception Capacity at National and EU Levels
By Michael Kegels
February 2016

Overwhelmed by Refugee Flows, Scandinavia Tempers its Warm Welcome
By Arno Tanner
Migration Information Source, February 10, 2016

College-Educated Immigrants in the United States
By Jie Zong and Jeanne Batalova
Migration Information Source Spotlight, February 3, 2016

Refugee Flows to Lesvos: Evolution of a Humanitarian Response
By Joel Hernandez
Migration Information Source, January 29, 2016

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New from the National Bureau of Economic Research

Immigration to the U.S.: A problem for the Republicans or the Democrats?
By Anna Maria Mayda, Giovanni Peri, and Walter Steingress
NBER Working Paper No. 21941, January 2016

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New from the Social Science Research Network

1. State Misdemeanant, Federal Felon: Adolescent Sexual Offenders and the INA
By Michael J. Higdon, University of Tennessee College of Law
Posted February 8, 2016

2. Referral, Remand, and Dialogue in Administrative Law
By Christopher J. Walker, Ohio State University (OSU) Michael E. Moritz College of Law
Iowa Law Review Online, Vol. 101, 2016, Forthcoming
Ohio State Public Law Working Paper No. 330

3. Domestic Violence Asylum and the Perpetuation of the Victimization Narrative
Natalie Nanasi, Southern Methodist University Dedman School of Law
Posted February 3, 2016

4. Immigration, Attitudes and the Rise of the Political Right: The Role of Cultural and Economic Concerns Over Immigration
By Lewis Davis, Union College Department of Economics and Sumit S. Deole, Toulouse School of Economics
CESifo Working Paper Series No. 5680

5. Policing Sex, Policing Immigrants: What Crimmigration's Past Can Tell Us About Its Present and Its Future
By Rachel E. Rosenbloom, Northeastern University - School of Law
California Law Review, Forthcoming
Northeastern University School of Law Research Paper No. 255-2016

6. America's Disposable Youth: Undocumented Delinquent Juveniles
By Karla Mari McKanders, University of Tennessee College of Law
Howard Law Journal, Vol. 59, No. 1, 2015

7. La gran lucha: Latina and Latino Lawyers, Breaking the Law on Principle, and Confronting the Risks of Representation
By Marc-Tizoc González, St. Thomas University School of Law
13 Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal 61 (2016)

8. Deferred Action: Considering What Is Lost
By Elizabeth Keyes, University of Baltimore School of Law
Washburn Law Journal, Forthcoming

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Why Are the Elderly More Averse to Immigration When They Are More Likely to Benefit? Evidence across Countries
By Simone Schotte and Hernan Winkler
World Bank Working Paper No. 7554, February 2016

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World Economic Situation and Prospects 2016
The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN/DESA)
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

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New from the Oxford Refugee Studies Centre

Refuge from Syria: Policy Recommendations
By Dawn Chatty, Sally AbiKhalil, Valentina Bacchin, J Eduardo Chemin, Anna Chernova, Filippo Dionigi, Hani Jesri, Faten Kikano, Annika Rabo, Maira Seeley, and Claude Yacoub

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The Migrant Crisis in the EU
MigrationWatchUK, February 10, 2016

In-work benefit restrictions and EU migrants to the UK
MigrationWatchUK, February 3, 2016

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The New Immigration Federalism
By The New Immigration Federalism

Cambridge University Press, 300 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 110711196X, $56.50

Paperback, ISBN: 1107530865, 280 pp., $32.31

Kindle, 1430 KB, ASIN: B0148L4T0S, 303 pp., $28.00

Book Description: Since 2004, the United States has seen a flurry of state and local laws dealing with unauthorized immigrants. Though initially restrictionist, these laws have recently undergone a dramatic shift toward promoting integration. How are we to make sense of this new immigration federalism? What are its causes? And what are its consequences for the federal-state balance of power? In The New Immigration Federalism, Professors Pratheepan Gulasekaram and S. Karthick Ramakrishnan provide answers to these questions using a mix of quantitative, historical, and doctrinal legal analysis. In so doing they refute the popular "demographic necessity" argument put forward by anti-immigrant activists and politicians. Instead, they posit that immigration federalism is rooted in a political process that connects both federal and subfederal actors: the Polarized Change Model. Their model captures not only the spread of restrictionist legislation but also its abrupt turnaround in 2012, projecting valuable insights for the future.

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Integration Nation: Immigrants, Refugees, and America at Its Best
By Susan E Eaton

The New Press, 192 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 1620970953, $16.21

Kindle, 1293 KB, ASIN: B017QL99RU, 226 pp., $13.99

Book Description: Integration Nation takes readers on a spirited and compelling cross-country journey, introducing us to the people challenging America’s xenophobic impulses by welcoming immigrants and collaborating with the foreign-born as they become integral members of their new communities. In Utah, we meet educators who connect newly arrived Spanish-speaking students and U.S.-born English-speaking students, who share classrooms and learn in two languages. In North Carolina, we visit the nation’s fastest-growing community-development credit union, serving immigrants and U.S.- born depositors and helping to lower borrowing thresholds and crime rates alike.

In recent years, politicians in a handful of local communities and states have passed laws and regulations designed to make it easier to deport unauthorized immigrants or to make their lives so unpleasant that they’d just leave. The media’s unrelenting focus on these ultimately self-defeating measures created the false impression that these politicians speak for most of America. They don’t.

Integration Nation movingly reminds us that we each have choices to make about how to think and act in the face of the rapid cultural transformation that has reshaped the United States. Giving voice to people who choose integration over exclusion, who opt for open-heartedness instead of fear, Integration Nation is a desperately needed road map for a nation still finding its way beyond anti-immigrant hysteria to higher ground.

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Gender, Migration and the Global Race For Talent
By Anna Boucher

Manchester University Press, 256 pp.

Hardcover, ISBN: 0719099455, $125.00

Book Description: The global race for skilled immigrants seeks to attract the best global workers. In the pursuit of these individuals, governments may incidentally discriminate on gender grounds. Existing gendered differences in the global labour market related to life course trajectories, pay gaps and gendered divisions in occupational specialisation are also present in skilled immigration selection policies. Presenting the first book-length account of the global race for talent from a gender perspective, Gender, migration and the global race for talent will be read by graduate students, researchers, policy-makers and practitioners in the fields of immigration studies, political science, public policy, sociology and gender studies, and Australian and Canadian studies.

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