Maywood, California, then, with an estimated illegal
The report says that in 1990, 90 percent of undocumented immigrants primarily were in six states: California, Florida, Illinois, New Jersey, New York and Texas.
By 2004, undocumented immigrants had increased tenfold in other states, most notably Arizona, Georgia, North Carolina and Tennessee, according to statistics from the Pew Hispanic Center.
The report estimates there are 12 million undocumented immigrants nationwide. Of those, 60 percent are uninsured and 50 percent of the children are uninsured. Again using 2004 statistics from the Pew Hispanic Center the average income of undocumented immigrants was $27,400 while Americans earned $47,800. The difference puts undocumented immigrants in a lower tax bracket, thus reducing the amount of federal and state income taxes generated.
The study also showed that while undocumented workers represented just 5 percent of state and federal service costs, their tax revenue did not offset the amount spent by government. The authors of the study stated that, "the general consensus is that unauthorized immigrants impose a net cost on state and local budgets. However, no agreement exists as to the size of, or even the best way of measuring, that cost at a national level."
In education, which the study notes is the largest single expenditure in state and local budgets, multiple states reported 20 to 40 percent higher costs educating non-English speaking students, many of whom come from the homes of undocumented immigrant parents. Using New Mexico statistics from 2004 as a model, education spending on undocumented immigrants comprised $67 million of the state's $3 billion education budget.
The study estimates there are 53.3 million school-age children in the U.S., 2 million of whom are undocumented immigrants and another 3 million who are legal citizens, but whose parents are not.
Undocumented immigrants are more likely to access emergency rooms and urgent care facilities because most do not have health care, the study said. In Arizona and other border areas, states paid nearly $190 million in health care costs for undocumented immigrants in 2000, the study reported. The amount, which the study says likely has risen since then, represented one-quarter of all uncompensated health care costs in those states that year.
While the report found that undocumented immigrants are less likely to be incarcerated than American natives, it said states still bear a large cost for the legal process. Based on a report from the U.S./Mexico Border Counties Coalition from 2001, counties from the four states that border Mexico spent more than $108 million on law enforcement activities involving undocumented immigrants. San Diego County in California spent nearly half of that, with more than $50 million going into law enforcement activities involving undocumented immigrants.
LOOTING MEXICANS IN MEXIFORNIA.... where LA RAZA loots first!
Ex-Bell council member gets 2 years in prison
for role in pay scandal
It is the longest sentence so far among the group of five elected officials convicted in the sweeping public corruption case.
Jacobo, along with most of her former colleagues on the council, was convicted in April of misappropriating public funds by boosting her salary for her part-time work to nearly $100,000 a year by serving on boards and commissions that rarely, if ever, met.
Before the sentencing on Friday, Jacobo rose from her seat and gave a brief, tearful speech.
“I’d just like to express my apologies and to mention that I have accepted my responsibility and I am very sorry for my negligence,” she said. “I intended to serve with all my heart. And just like that, with all my heart I apologize to the city of Bell.”
Deputy Dist. Atty Sean Hassett, however, told the court that Jacobo’s apology was “way too late.”
“It was a lot more than negligence -- that was an active taking,” he said. “They just took Bell’s money whenever they wanted.”
During her trial, Jacobo portrayed herself as a hard-working municipal worker who put in long hours but never questioned the town’s domineering city manager, Robert Rizzo, who was pulling in $1.5 million annually in total compensation.
But Los Angeles County Superior Court Judge Kathleen Kennedy said Jacobo, who had a real estate license, should have known better than the others on the council who were named in the sweeping corruption case.
Prosecutors had recommended that Jacobo get four years in state prison.
Bell was left on the brink of bankruptcy largely because of the large salary payouts.
The scandal, which broke nearly four years ago, had sweeping implications for governments across California, prompting legislation that requires salaries to be made public and sparking audits of city spending elsewhere.
In April, Jacobo and former ex-council members Oscar Hernandez, George Cole, Victor Bello and George Mirabal agreed to a deal offered by Los Angeles County prosecutors that included pleading no contest to two counts of misappropriating public funds.
Mirabal, a former funeral director, was sentenced earlier this year to one year in jail, though his attorney predicted he’ll likely serve only days. Cole, a well-known political figure in southeast Los Angeles County, was given home confinement and probation.
So far, Superior Court Judge Kathleen Kennedy has reserved her harshest punishments for the architects of the corruption in Bell – Rizzo and his second-in-command, Angela Spaccia. Both were given lengthy prison terms.